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advance
[əd'vɑːns] [əd'væns]

  • n. 发展;前进;增长;预付款
  • vt. 提出;预付;使……前进;将……提前
  • vi. 前进;进展;上涨
  • adj. 预先的;先行的

[ 过去式 advanced 过去分词 advanced 现在分词 advancing 复数 advances 第三人称单数 advances ]

英英释义

advance [ əd'vɑ:ns, əd'væns ]

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

advance /ədˈvɑːns/ CET4 TEM4 ( advancing, advanced, advances )

  • 1. 

    V-I To advance means to move forward, often in order to attack someone. (常指为攻击而) 前进

    例:

    Reports from Chad suggest that rebel forces are advancing on the capital.

    来自乍得的报导指出叛军正在向首都挺进。

    例:

    According to one report, the water is advancing at a rate of between 8 and 10 inches a day.

    根据一份报告,大水在以每天8至10英寸的速度逼近。

  • 2. 

    V-I To advance means to make progress, especially in your knowledge of something. (尤指知识) 发展

    例:

    Medical technology has advanced considerably.

    医学技术已大大发展了。

  • 3. 

    → see also advanced

  • 4. 

    V-T If you advance someone a sum of money, you lend it to them, or pay it to them earlier than arranged. 提前借 (一笔钱给某人); 提前付 (一笔钱给某人)

    例:

    I advanced him some money, which he would repay on our way home.

    我先借了些钱给他,他会在回家的路上还给我。

  • 5. 

    V-T To advance an event, or the time or date of an event, means to bring it forward to an earlier time or date. 使提前

    例:

    Too much protein in the diet may advance the aging process.

    饮食中过多的蛋白质会使衰老的过程提前。

  • 6. 

    V-T If you advance a cause, interest, or claim, you support it and help to make it successful. 造成; 促成

    例:

    When not producing art of his own, Oliver was busy advancing the work of others.

    没有创作自己的艺术品时,奥利弗就在忙于促成他人的作品。

  • 7. 

    N-COUNT An advance is money lent or paid to someone before they would normally receive it. 预付款

    例:

    She was paid a $100,000 advance for her next two novels.

    她得到了其接下来的两本小说的10万美元的预付款。

  • 8. 

    N-VAR An advance is a forward movement of people or vehicles, usually as part of a military operation. (常指军事行动中的) 前进

    例:

    In an exercise designed to be as real as possible, they simulated an advance on enemy positions.

    在一次设计得尽可能逼真的演习中,他们模拟了一次向敌方阵地的前进。

  • 9. 

    N-VAR An advance in a particular subject or activity is progress in understanding it or in doing it well. (在某科目、某活动中的) 发展

    例:

    Air safety has not improved since the dramatic advances of the 1970s.

    飞行安全自从20世纪70年代的急剧发展以来还没有得到改善。

  • 10. 

    N-SING If something is an advance on what was previously available or done, it is better in some way. 改善 [usu 'a' N 'on' n]

    例:

    This could be an advance on the present situation.

    这可能是对目前情况的一次改善。

  • 11. 

    ADJ Advance booking, notice, or warning is done or given before an event happens. 事先的 (预定、通知、警告等) [ADJ n]

    例:

    They don't normally give any advance notice about which building they're going to inspect.

    他们对要视察哪座大楼通常不作事先通知。

  • 12. 

    PHRASE If you do something in advance, you do it before a particular date or event. 提前

    例:

    The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance.

    会谈的主题提前一周宣布。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

in advance adv. 预先,提前

in advance of 超过;在…前面

advance in 进步;改进

with the advance of 随着…的增加;随着(时间)的推移  

an advance 预付款

on the advance (物价)在上涨  

advance payment 预付款

advance notice 预先通知

advance with the times 与时俱进;与时代发展同步伐

advance booking 预订(机票等)

payment in advance 预付货款

make advances 接近;预付;取得进步

well in advance 大大提前

advance warning 事前警告(警报)

advance development 先期发展;超前掘进

cash advance 预付现金

advance towards 朝…前进

spark advance 点火提前;火花提早

advance guard 军队前卫,先头部队;先锋派

advance with times 与时俱进

  更多收起词组短语

词根: advance

adj.

advanced 先进的;高级的;晚期的;年老的

advancing 前进的;年长的

n.

advancement 前进,进步;提升

advancer 前进者;相位超前补偿器,进相机

v.

advanced 前进;增加;上涨(advance的过去式和过去分词形式)

advancing 前进;超前(advance的ing形式)

  further, promote, contribute, push, advance

这组词都有“促进,推进”的意思,其区别是:

further 中性词,既可指对好事的促进、推进,又可指对坏事的助长。

promote 指在某一进程的任何时期或阶段提供积极的帮助与支持。

contribute 指能促进事物向前发展的因素,但这种因素并非决定性的。

push 口语用词,通常指利用自己的活动或影响推进某事。

advance 通常指为加速某一进程或达到某个预期目的而给予有效的促进,强调作出有意识、决定性的努力。

以上来源于网络

  peogress, proceed, advance

这组词都有“前进”的意思,其区别是:

peogress 多表自然过程,指生长,发展等稳定地或循环往复地前进。如:The year is progressing, it will soon be summer. (光阴似箭,很快又是夏天了。)

proceed 强调从一处向另一处的运动,常表停顿后继续前进。如:They proceeded from London to Paris. (他们从伦敦往巴黎前进。)

advance 表向一个特定的目的地,在一定的时间或空间内稳定地向前运动。如:Napoleon’s army advanced on Moscow. (拿破仑的军队向莫斯科挺进。)

以上来源于网络

  progress, move on, proceed, advance, go

这组词都有“前进,行进,进展”的意思,其区别是:

progress 指按某一既定目标前进,取得发展,目的性很明确,强调经常和稳定地前进。

move on 非正式用语,侧重从某一停止点向某地前进,但不表示前进的目的地。

proceed 侧重指继续前进。

advance 主要用于具体的人或物,也可指科学技术和运动等。

go 最常用词,含义宽泛而不确切,依上文确定其具体意思。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

in advance adv. 预先,提前

in advance of 超过;在…前面

advance in 进步;改进

with the advance of 随着…的增加;随着(时间)的推移  

an advance 预付款

on the advance (物价)在上涨  

advance payment 预付款

advance notice 预先通知

advance with the times 与时俱进;与时代发展同步伐

advance booking 预订(机票等)

payment in advance 预付货款

make advances 接近;预付;取得进步

well in advance 大大提前

advance warning 事前警告(警报)

advance development 先期发展;超前掘进

cash advance 预付现金

advance towards 朝…前进

spark advance 点火提前;火花提早

advance guard 军队前卫,先头部队;先锋派

advance with times 与时俱进

  更多收起词组短语
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