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roll
[rəʊl] [rol]

  • v. 滚动;翻身;(眼睛)转动;在原地打滚;(马)仰卧蹬脚;左右摇晃;蹒跚;使翻车;掷(骰子);掷出(骰子数);(转动)肩膀;行驶;推;摇车窗;(液体)滚落;(时间)流逝;稳定持续的;(产品)从(机器)产出;涌流;延绵起伏;运转;卷,卷起;展开;搓成;辗;发出隆隆声;把(衣服的边)卷起来;压平;覆盖;启动;用颤音发出(辅音,尤其是 r)
  • n. 卷;柱形物;卷状食品;滚动;翻筋斗;左右摇晃;隆隆声;小面包;总人数;名单;公文;延绵起伏;辊轧机;一管;掷骰子
  • n. (Roll) (美、挪、加)罗尔(人名)

[ 复数 rolls 过去式 rolled 过去分词 rolled 现在分词 rolling 第三人称单数 rolls ]

英英释义

roll [ rəul ]

  • n.
    • rotary motion of an object around its own axis

      同义词: axial rotation axial motion

    • a list of names

      "his name was struck off the rolls"

      同义词: roster

    • a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore

      同义词: roller rolling wave

    • photographic film rolled up inside a container to protect it from light
    • a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals)

      同义词: coil whorl curl curlicue ringlet gyre scroll

    • a roll of currency notes (often taken as the resources of a person or business etc.)

      "he shot his roll on a bob-tailed nag"

      同义词: bankroll

    • small rounded bread either plain or sweet

      同义词: bun

    • a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)

      同义词: peal pealing rolling

    • the sound of a drum (especially a snare drum) beaten rapidly and continuously

      同义词: paradiddle drum roll

    • a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)

      同义词: scroll

    • anything rolled up in cylindrical form
    • the act of throwing dice

      同义词: cast

    • walking with a swaying gait
    • a flight maneuver; aircraft rotates about its longitudinal axis without changing direction or losing altitude
    • the act of rolling something (as the ball in bowling)
  • v.
    • move by turning over or rotating

      "The child rolled down the hill"

      同义词: turn over

    • move along on or as if on wheels or a wheeled vehicle

      "The President's convoy rolled past the crowds"

      同义词: wheel

    • occur in soft rounded shapes

      "The hills rolled past"

      同义词: undulate

    • flatten or spread with a roller

      "roll out the paper"

      同义词: roll out

    • emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound

      "The thunder rolled"; " rolling drums"

    • wrap or coil around

      "roll your hair around your finger"

      同义词: wind wrap twine

    • begin operating or running

      "The cameras were rolling"; " The presses are already rolling"

    • shape by rolling

      "roll a cigarette"

    • execute a roll, in tumbling

      "The gymnasts rolled and jumped"

    • sell something to or obtain something from by energetic and especially underhanded activity

      同义词: hustle pluck

    • move in a wavy pattern or with a rising and falling motion

      "the waves rolled towards the beach"

      同义词: undulate flap wave

    • move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment

      "They rolled from town to town"

      同义词: wander swan stray tramp roam cast ramble rove range drift vagabond

    • move, rock, or sway from side to side

      "The ship rolled on the heavy seas"

    • cause to move by turning over or in a circular manner of as if on an axis

      "She rolled the ball"; " They rolled their eyes at his words"

      同义词: revolve

    • pronounce with a roll, of the phoneme /r/

      "She rolls her r's"

    • boil vigorously

      "The water rolled"

      同义词: seethe

    • take the shape of a roll or cylinder

      "the carpet rolled out"; " Yarn rolls well"

    • show certain properties when being rolled

      "The carpet rolls unevenly"; " dried-out tobacco rolls badly"

      同义词: roll up

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

roll /rəʊl/ CET4 TEM4 ( rolling, rolled, rolls )

  • 1. 

    V-T/V-I When something rolls or when you roll it, it moves along a surface, turning over many times. 滚动

    例:

    The ball rolled into the net.

    球滚进了网。

  • 2. 

    V-I If you roll somewhere, you move on a surface while lying down, turning your body over and over, so that you are sometimes on your back, sometimes on your side, and sometimes on your front. 打滚

    例:

    When I was a little kid I rolled down a hill and broke my leg.

    我小的时候曾滚下山摔断了腿。

  • 3. 

    V-I When vehicles roll along, they move along slowly. (车辆) 缓行

    例:

    The truck quietly rolled forward and demolished all the old wooden fencing.

    卡车静静地缓慢前行,毁了所有旧木栅栏。

  • 4. 

    V-I If a machine rolls, it is operating. (机器) 运转

    例:

    He slipped and fell on the step as the cameras rolled.

    在相机拍摄时,他滑倒在了台阶上。

  • 5. 

    V-I If drops of liquid roll down a surface, they move quickly down it. (液体) 滚落

    例:

    She looked at Ginny and tears rolled down her cheeks.

    她看着金尼,泪珠顺着脸颊淌下。

  • 6. 

    V-T If you roll something flexible into a cylinder or a ball, you form it into a cylinder or a ball by wrapping it several times around itself or by shaping it between your hands. 卷; 绕 (成柱形或团)

    例:

    He took off his sweater, rolled it into a pillow, and lay down on the grass.

    他脱下毛衣,卷成一个枕头,然后在草地上躺了下来。

  • 7. 

    PHRASAL VERB Roll up means the same as . 卷; 绕 (成柱形或团)

    例:

    Stein rolled up the paper bag with the money inside.

    斯坦把装着钱的纸袋卷了起来。

  • 8. 

    N-COUNT A roll of paper, plastic, cloth, or wire is a long piece of it that has been wrapped many times around itself or around a tube. (一) 卷

    例:

    The photographers had already shot a dozen rolls of film.

    摄影师们已经拍完了一打胶卷。

  • 9. 

    V-T If you roll up something such as a car window or a blind, you cause it to move upward by turning a handle. If you roll it down, you cause it to move downward by turning a handle. 摇 (车窗、卷帘等)

    例:

    In mid-afternoon, shopkeepers began to roll down their shutters.

    下午三点钟左右,店主们开始摇下百叶窗。

  • 10. 

    V-T/V-I If you roll your eyes or if your eyes roll, they move around and upward. People sometimes roll their eyes when they are frightened, bored, or annoyed. (指眼睛) 翻转 [书面]

    例:

    People may roll their eyes and talk about overprotective, interfering grandmothers.

    人们可能会翻着白眼讨论过分呵护、事事插手的祖母们。

  • 11. 

    N-COUNT A roll is a small piece of bread that is round or long and is made to be eaten by one person. Rolls can be eaten plain, with butter, or with a filling. 面包卷

    例:

    He sipped at his coffee and spread butter and marmalade on a roll.

    他抿了一口咖啡,将黄油和果酱涂在了面包卷上。

  • 12. 

    N-COUNT A roll of drums is a long, low, fairly loud sound made by drums. 低缓的轰隆鼓声

    例:

    As the town clock struck two, they heard the roll of drums.

    当镇上的钟敲响了两点时,他们听到了隆隆的鼓声。

  • 13. 

    N-COUNT A roll is an official list of people's names. 名册

    例:

    Pro-democracy activists say a new electoral roll should be drawn up.

    亲民主派活动分子们说应当起草一份新的候选人名单。

  • 14. 

    → see also rolling, rock and roll

  • 15. 

    PHRASE If something is several things rolled into one, it combines the main features or qualities of those things. 集于一体

    例:

    This is our kitchen, living room, and dining room all rolled into one.

    这是我们的厨房、客厅和餐厅都融为一体的房间。

  • 16. 

    heads will roll →see head

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

roll out 铺开;滚出

work roll 工作辊

roll in 蜂拥而来;[口]有大量的(钱财等);[美俚]就寝;到达

rock and roll 摇滚乐

roll up 卷起;滚滚上升;到达;出现;积累成;迫敌退向中央

roll gap 轧辊开度;辊间距离

roll on 继续前进

cold roll 冷轧, 冷轧辊

roll forming 滚轧成形;成形轧制

roll over 翻滚;转存;延缓付款

roll away vt. 滚动卷页;滚过去,慢移过去

roll back 击退;把…压低到标准水平

roll into 卷成,使合为一体;滚进

roll down 滚下

roll off 转降,辗轧

steel roll [化]钢辊

spring roll (中国的)春卷;弹簧辊;薄饼

hot roll 热轧,热轧卷;加热压光辊

on a roll 运气好;超常发挥;做得很顺

roll call 点名;名单;登记表

  更多收起词组短语

词根: roll

adj.

rolling 旋转的;起伏的;波动的

rolled 轧制的;滚制的

n.

roller [机] 滚筒;[机] 滚轴;辊子;滚转机

rolling 旋转;动摇;轰响

v.

rolled 使…转动;摇摆(roll的过去分词和过去式)

  whirl, turn, roll, rotate, revolve, spin, circle

这组词都有“转动、旋转”的意思,其区别是:

whirl 指旋转或作圆周运动,侧重急速或力量。

turn 普通用词,中性,含义不确切,可指作一个圆周运动或连续地作圆周运动,也可指仅是沿圆的弧形转动。

roll 指某物在平面上滚动或翻滚。

rotate 侧重指物体围绕自己的轴或中心旋转,即自转。

revolve 强调指物体围绕本身以外的中心旋转,即公转。

spin 指沿内轴迅速而连续旋转,或沿外部一个点作快速圆周运转。

circle 指作圆周运动。

以上来源于网络

  rgeister, schedule, roll, form, catalog(ue), chart, list, table

这组词都有“名单、目录、表格”的意思,其区别是:

rgeister 多指官方对人或事作出的正式书面记录或详细清单。

schedule 既可指时间或计划的安排表,又可指详细列出的所有分类项的清单或细表。

roll 多指人员的姓名名单,尤指属于团体或军事单位的全体人员名单。

form 指上面印有横线或格让人填写规定内容的表格。

catalog(ue) 指列出有全部队名、物名或项目等的目录,有时附有简要说明的分类名单或一览表。

chart 指把资料制成表格等形式供人看的图表。

list 最普通用词,含义广。指按字母顺序、时间先后或类别等排列的姓名或项目等的单子。

table 普通用词,一般指易于迅速查阅使用,具有特定编排方法的目录或表格。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

roll out 铺开;滚出

work roll 工作辊

roll in 蜂拥而来;[口]有大量的(钱财等);[美俚]就寝;到达

rock and roll 摇滚乐

roll up 卷起;滚滚上升;到达;出现;积累成;迫敌退向中央

roll gap 轧辊开度;辊间距离

roll on 继续前进

cold roll 冷轧, 冷轧辊

roll forming 滚轧成形;成形轧制

roll over 翻滚;转存;延缓付款

roll away vt. 滚动卷页;滚过去,慢移过去

roll back 击退;把…压低到标准水平

roll into 卷成,使合为一体;滚进

roll down 滚下

roll off 转降,辗轧

steel roll [化]钢辊

spring roll (中国的)春卷;弹簧辊;薄饼

hot roll 热轧,热轧卷;加热压光辊

on a roll 运气好;超常发挥;做得很顺

roll call 点名;名单;登记表

  更多收起词组短语
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