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major
['meɪdʒə] ['medʒɚ]

  • adj. 主要的;重要的;主修的;较多的
  • n. [人类] 成年人;主修科目;陆军少校
  • vi. 主修
  • n. (Major)人名;(西)马霍尔;(法)马若尔;(捷、德、塞、瑞典)马约尔;(英)梅杰

英英释义

major [ 'meidʒə ]

  • n.
    • a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines; below lieutenant colonel and above captain
    • British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943)

      同义词: John Major John R. Major John Roy Major

    • a university student who is studying a particular field as the principal subject

      "she is a linguistics major"

    • the principal field of study of a student at a university

      "her major is linguistics"

  • v. have as one's principal field of study

    "She is majoring in linguistics"

  • adj.
    • of greater importance or stature or rank

      "a major artist"; " a major role"; " major highways"

    • greater in scope or effect

      "a major contribution"; " a major improvement"; " a major break with tradition"; " a major misunderstanding"

    • greater in number or size or amount

      "a major portion (a majority) of the population"; " a major portion of the winnings"

    • of the field of academic study in which one concentrates or specializes

      "his major field was mathematics"

    • of a scale or mode

      "major scales"; " the key of D major"

    • of greater seriousness or danger

      "a major earthquake"; " a major hurricane"; " a major illness"

    • of full legal age
    • of the elder of two boys with the same family name

      "Jones major"

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

major /ˈmeɪdʒə/ CET4 TEM4 ( majoring, majored, majors )

  • 1. 

    ADJ You use major when you want to describe something that is more important, serious, or significant than other things in a group or situation. 主要的; 重大的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    The major factor in the decision to stay or to leave was usually professional.

    决定去留的主要因素通常与职业相关。

    例:

    Drug abuse has long been a major problem for the authorities there.

    毒品滥用长期以来一直是那里的当局的一大难题。

  • 2. 

    N-COUNT/N-TITLE/N-VOC A major is an officer who is one rank above captain in the United States Army, Air Force, or Marines. 少校

    例:

    I was a major in the war, you know.

    你知道,我在那场战争期间是个少校。

  • 3. 

    N-COUNT At a university or college in the United States, a student's major is the main subject that they are studying. 专业

    例:

    English majors would be asked to explore the roots of language.

    英语专业的学生会被要求探究语言的根源。

  • 4. 

    N-COUNT At a university or college in the United States, if a student is, for example, a geology major, geology is the main subject they are studying. …专业的学生

    例:

    She was a history major at the University of Oklahoma.

    她曾是俄克拉何马大学历史专业的学生。

  • 5. 

    V-I If a student at a university or college in the United States majors in a particular subject, that subject is the main one they study. 以…为专业

    例:

    He majored in finance at Claremont Men's College in California.

    他在加利福尼亚州的克莱尔蒙特男子大学主修金融。

  • 6. 

    ADJ In music, a major scale is one in which the third note is two tones higher than the first. (音乐) 大调的 [n ADJ, ADJ n]

    例:

    The orchestra played Mozart's Symphony No. 35 in D Major.

    该管弦乐队演奏了莫扎特D大调第35交响曲。

  • 7. 

    N-PLURAL The majors are groups of professional sports teams that compete against each other, especially in baseball. (尤指棒球中的) 职业总会 [美国英语]

    例:

    I knew what I could do in the minor leagues, I just wanted a chance to prove myself in the majors.

    我知道我能在小联合会中做些什么,我只是想要一个在大型职业总会中证明自己的机会。

  • 8. 

    N-COUNT A major is an important sports competition, especially in golf or tennis. (尤指高尔夫球或网球中的) 大赛

    例:

    Sarazen became the first golfer to win all four majors.

    萨拉曾成为了第一个赢得全部4场大赛的高尔夫球员。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

major in 主修

major factor 主要因素

major part 主要部分;重要部件

english major 英语专业

major component 主要部件;主要元件

major equipment 主要设备

major product 主要产品

major event 重大事件;主要事件

major function 主要功能;优函数

major industry 重点工业;大型工业

major subject 专业;主科

major key 大调;主键值

major earthquake 大地震,主震

major league 职业体协;职业性运动联盟

major operation [医]大手术

major general [军]少将

major element 主要元素

major gene 主要基因;知基因;柱因

major axis 长轴;主轴;长径;强轴

pectoralis major n. [解]大胸肌

  更多收起词组短语

词根: major

n.

majority 多数;成年

  principal, leading, primary, foremost, capital, major, chief, main

这组词都有“首要的,主要的”的意思,其区别是:

principal 用于人时,指地位优于其他人;用于物时,指该物在大小、重要性等方面优于他物。

leading 侧重指具有影响力或凝聚力。从而有主导和引导的作用。

primary 通常不用于人。用于物时,指在重要性方面占第一位。

foremost 侧重指在行进或发展过程中居首位。

capital 着重指因重要性、意义、优越或重大而名列同类之首。

major 指同其他人或其它物、问题等相比较,显得更加重要和突出。

chief 拽人时,表同类中职位最高,权力最大;指物时,表同类中最重要,价值最高。

main 通常只用于物。指在一定范围内,某物的重要性、体积或力量等超过其它物。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

major in 主修

major factor 主要因素

major part 主要部分;重要部件

english major 英语专业

major component 主要部件;主要元件

major equipment 主要设备

major product 主要产品

major event 重大事件;主要事件

major function 主要功能;优函数

major industry 重点工业;大型工业

major subject 专业;主科

major key 大调;主键值

major earthquake 大地震,主震

major league 职业体协;职业性运动联盟

major operation [医]大手术

major general [军]少将

major element 主要元素

major gene 主要基因;知基因;柱因

major axis 长轴;主轴;长径;强轴

pectoralis major n. [解]大胸肌

  更多收起词组短语
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