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ruin
['ruːɪn] ['ruɪn]

  • n. 毁坏;毁灭,灭亡;崩溃;破产,一无所有,丢掉工作;破产的根源,祸根;废墟;残存部分
  • v. 破坏,糟蹋;毁灭,对……有灾难性的影响;使破败,成为废墟;(使)破产;(诗文)头朝下跌落;堕落
  • n. (Ruin) (法、俄、意、瑞典)吕安(人名)

[ 复数 ruins 过去式 ruined 过去分词 ruined 现在分词 ruining 第三人称单数 ruins ]

英英释义

ruin [ 'ruin, 'ru:- ]

  • n.
    • an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction

      "you have brought ruin on this entire family"

      同义词: ruination

    • a ruined building

      "they explored several Roman ruins"

    • the process of becoming dilapidated

      同义词: dilapidation

    • an event that results in destruction

      同义词: ruination

    • failure that results in a loss of position or reputation

      同义词: downfall ruination

    • destruction achieved by causing something to be wrecked or ruined

      同义词: laying waste ruining ruination wrecking

  • v.
    • destroy completely; damage irreparably

      "You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!"; " The tears ruined her make-up"

      同义词: destroy

    • destroy or cause to fail

      "This behavior will ruin your chances of winning the election"

    • reduce to bankruptcy

      同义词: bankrupt break smash

    • reduce to ruins

      "The country lay ruined after the war"

    • deprive of virginity

      同义词: deflower

    • fall into ruin

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

ruin /ˈruːɪn/ CET4 TEM4 ( ruining, ruined, ruins )

  • 1. 

    V-T To ruin something means to severely harm, damage, or spoil it. 毁坏

    例:

    My wife was ruining her health through worry.

    我妻子的忧虑正在损害着她的健康。

  • 2. 

    V-T To ruin someone means to cause them to no longer have any money. 使倾家荡产

    例:

    She accused him of ruining her financially with his taste for the high life.

    她指责他因其对高档生活的追求使得她倾家当产。

  • 3. 

    N-UNCOUNT Ruin is the state of no longer having any money. 破产

    例:

    The farmers say recent inflation has driven them to the brink of ruin.

    那些农民们说最近的通货膨胀已经把他们逼到了破产的边缘。

  • 4. 

    N-UNCOUNT Ruin is the state of being severely damaged or spoiled, or the process of reaching this state. 毁坏; 破落

    例:

    The vineyards were falling into ruin.

    那些葡萄园当时正日渐没落。

  • 5. 

    N-PLURAL The ruins of something are the parts of it that remain after it has been severely damaged or weakened. 残存部分

    例:

    The new Turkish republic he helped to build emerged from the ruins of a great empire.

    他帮助创建的新土耳其共和国是在大帝国残存的领土上建立起来的。

  • 6. 

    N-COUNT Theruins of a building are the parts of it that remain after the rest has fallen down or been destroyed. 废墟

    例:

    One dead child was found in the ruins almost two hours after the explosion.

    一名遇难儿童在爆炸发生近两小时后在废墟中被找到。

  • 7. 

    → see also ruined

  • 8. 

    PHRASE If something is in ruins, it is completely spoiled. 毁灭了的

    例:

    Its heavily subsidized economy is in ruins.

    它的严重依赖于资助的经济已崩溃了。

  • 9. 

    PHRASE If a building or place is in ruins, most of it has been destroyed and only parts of it remain. 成为废墟了的

    例:

    The abbey was in ruins.

    这座修道院成了一片废墟。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

in ruins 成为废墟

financial ruin 经济损失

词根: ruin

adj.

ruined 毁灭的;荒废的

ruinous 破坏性的,毁灭性的;零落的

adv.

ruinously 毁灭地;败坏地

n.

ruination 毁灭;祸根

v.

ruined 毁灭(ruin的变形)

  destroy, break, wreck, ruin, spoil, damage

这组词都有“破坏,损坏”的意思,其区别是:

destroy 多指彻底地、毁灭性地破坏,含导致无用,不能或很难再修复的意味。

break 普通用词,指某物因被打破或撕破而受到破坏,可指有形或无形的破坏。

wreck 侧重指船只、车辆、房屋等受到严重破坏或完全毁坏,也可指计划、健康受到损害。

ruin 多指因外部原因而受到严重破坏或毁灭,侧重破坏的彻底性,也可用于引申意义。

spoil 强调不仅会削弱力量、精力或价值,而且会导致不可避免的毁灭。

damage 多指对无生命物体的损害,造成降低价值、破坏功能等后果。

以上来源于网络

  destroy, harm, ruin, damage

这组词都有“破坏”的意思,其区别是:

destroy 指十分彻底的毁坏,破坏。如:The whole city was destroyed in the earthquake.( 地震中整个城市被毁了。)

harm 多指带来悲痛,产生恶果的伤害,可以是肉体的也可是精神的。如:Doctors say smoking harms our health.(医生说吸烟对身体有害。)

ruin 为正式用词,强调由于自然力或时间的作用而逐渐损坏,用于比喻时也指彻底毁坏名声,期望等。如:She poured water all over my painting and ruined it. (她把水倒在画上,把它毁了。)另外,ruin的复数形式ruins表“废墟”。

damage 一般指部分性的破坏,含可修复使用。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

in ruins 成为废墟

financial ruin 经济损失

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