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rough
[rʌf] [rʌf]

  • adj. 粗糙的;粗略的;粗野的;艰苦的;未经加工的
  • vt. 使粗糙;粗暴对待;草拟
  • n. 艰苦;高低不平的地面;未经加工的材料;粗糙的部分
  • vi. 举止粗野
  • adv. 粗糙地;粗略地;粗暴地
  • n. (Rough)人名;(英)拉夫

[ 比较级 rougher 最高级 roughest 过去式 roughed 过去分词 roughed 现在分词 roughing 第三人称单数 roughs ]

网络释义专业释义英英释义

  我爱芳邻

我爱芳邻 我爱芳邻 - 电影 ROUGH(我爱芳邻)是日本漫画家安达充于1985~1987年在《周刊少年SUNDAY》上连载的作品ROUGH,意指粗枝大叶的,无礼的,未完成的,简言之,那就是青春!

基于1106个网页-相关网页

  粗糙的

Rough粗糙的):这种接触方式和无摩擦类似。但表现为完全的摩擦接触,即没有相对滑动。

基于831个网页-相关网页

  粗略的

模具机械词汇英汉对照R-S ... rough machining 粗加工 rough 粗略的 routine 程序 ...

基于729个网页-相关网页

  [机] 毛坯

:机器专业英语词汇 ... 偏微分 partial differential 毛坯 rough 游标卡尺 slide caliper ...

基于516个网页-相关网页

短语

Rough Number 粗糙数

rough sand 细砂

Rough Type 粗鲁的文字

rough estimate [数] 粗略估计 ; 估算 ; 粗略的估计

Rough running 工作粗暴 ; 不平稳运转 ; 早燃 ; 事情鲁莽暴躁

Rough colony [微] 粗糙型菌落 ; 粗糙菌落 ; 型菌落 ; 翻译

rough adjustment 粗调 ; 粗调整 ; 调粗

Rough gentian 龙胆叶枯病 ; 龙胆草 ; 一种多年生草本植物

Rough Justice 不公正的审判 ; 滚石合唱团 ; 大致上的公平合理 ; 简易判决英语

 更多收起网络短语
  • 粗糙集 - 引用次数:3142

    Attribute reduction is a research focus in rough set theory.

    属性约简是粗糙集理论中的一个研究重点。

    参考来源 - 基于粗糙集的属性约简算法研究
  • 粗糙的 - 引用次数:5

    Actually, in the meanwhile of opening to the worldwide market and developing liberal trade, china market was deeply divided and blockaded in the province level by the means ranging from rough and slipshod roadblock to complicated local laws and regulations.

    由地方政府主导的市场地区化进程产生了一个反常的现象:在过去二十多年里向全球市场开放、发展自由贸易的同时,中国市场在地方层次已经越来越分割,从粗糙的路障到复杂的地方法规,地方保护措施无处不在。

    参考来源 - 中国市场地区化与统一市场进程的思考
  • 毛坯 - 引用次数:9

    参考来源 - 神经网络解决机械加工误差复映的应用研究
  • 带 /h/ 音的
  • (橄榄球、足球等比赛中)粗暴对待(常与up连用):
  • 粗略的
  • 粗糙的
    未加工的

·2,447,543篇论文数据,部分数据来源于NoteExpress

rough [ rʌf ]

  • n. the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
  • v. prepare in preliminary or sketchy form

    同义词: rough in rough out

  • adj.
    • having or caused by an irregular surface

      "trees with rough bark"; " rough ground"; " rough skin"; " rough blankets"

      同义词: unsmooth

    • (of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse

      "she was a diamond in the rough"; " rough manners"

    • not quite exact or correct

      "a rough guess"

      同义词: approximate approximative

    • full of hardship or trials

      "they were having a rough time"

      同义词: rocky

    • violently agitated and turbulent

      "rough weather"; " rough seas"

      同义词: boisterous fierce

    • unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound

      同义词: grating gravel gravelly rasping raspy scratchy

    • ready and able to resort to force or violence

      "they were rough and determined fighting men"

      同义词: pugnacious

    • of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
    • causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements

      "a rough ride"

      同义词: rocky bumpy jolty jolting jumpy

    • not shaped by cutting or trimming

      "rough gemstones"

      同义词: uncut

    • not carefully or expertly made

      "rough carpentry"

      同义词: crude

    • not perfected

      "a rough draft"; " a few rough sketches"

    • unpleasantly stern

      "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"

      同义词: harsh

    • unkind or cruel or uncivil

      "a rough answer"

      同义词: harsh

  • adv.
    • with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')

      "he was pushed roughly aside"; " they treated him rough"

      同义词: roughly

    • with rough motion as over a rough surface

      "ride rough"

      同义词: roughly

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

rough /rʌf/ CET4 TEM4 ( rougher, roughest )

  • 1. 

    ADJ If a surface is rough, it is uneven and not smooth. 粗糙的

    例:

    His hands were rough and callused, from years of karate practice.

    他的双手由于多年的空手道练习,粗糙而布满老茧。

  • 2. 

    roughness N-UNCOUNT 粗糙

    例:

    She rested her cheek against the roughness of his jacket.

    她把脸靠在了他粗糙的夹克上。

  • 3. 

    ADJ You say that people or their actions are rough when they use too much force and not enough care or gentleness. 粗暴的; 粗野的

    例:

    American football's a rough game at the best of times.

    在最好的情况下足球也是一项粗野的运动。

  • 4. 

    roughly ADV 粗暴地; 粗野地

    例:

    They roughly pushed her forward.

    他们粗暴地向前推她。

  • 5. 

    ADJ A rough area, city, school, or other place is unpleasant and dangerous because there is a lot of violence or crime there. (治安) 乱的

    例:

    It was quite a rough part of our town.

    那是我们镇上相当乱的一个地方。

  • 6. 

    ADJ If you say that someone has had a rough time, you mean that they have had some difficult or unpleasant experiences. 艰难的

    例:

    All women have a rough time in our society.

    我们社会所有妇女都过着艰难的日子。

  • 7. 

    ADJ A rough calculation or guess is approximately correct, but not exact. 粗略的

    例:

    We were only able to make a rough estimate of how much fuel would be required.

    我们只能对所需燃料的量作一个粗略估计。

  • 8. 

    roughly ADV 粗略地 [ADV with cl/group]

    例:

    Gambling and tourism pay roughly half the entire state budget.

    博彩业和旅游业为整个国家预算提供大致一半的资金来源。

  • 9. 

    ADJ If you give someone a rough idea, description, or drawing of something, you indicate only the most important features, without much detail. 大致的

    例:

    I've got a rough idea of what he looks like.

    我对他的样子有了个大致的概念。

  • 10. 

    roughly ADV 大致地

    例:

    He knew roughly what was about to be said.

    他大致知道该说些什么。

  • 11. 

    ADJ You can say that something is rough when it is not neat and well made. 粗糙的

    例:

    The bench had a rough wooden table in front of it.

    那长椅前有张粗糙的木桌。

  • 12. 

    roughly ADV 粗糙地 [ADV with v]

    例:

    Roughly chop the tomatoes and add them to the casserole.

    把这些西红柿粗切一下,添到那个砂锅里。

  • 13. 

    ADJ If the sea or the weather at sea is rough, the weather is windy or stormy and there are very big waves. 风浪大的

    例:

    A fishing vessel and a cargo ship collided in rough seas.

    一艘渔船与一艘货轮在风大浪急的海上相撞了。

  • 14. 

    PHRASE If you have to rough it, you have to live without the possessions and comforts that you normally have. 将就 [非正式]

    例:

    There is a campsite but, if you prefer not to rough it, the Lake Hotel is nearby.

    有一个营地,不过如果你不想将就,湖滨酒店就在附近。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

in rough 作为草稿;在草稿纸上

in the rough 未完成的;未加工的;大致上

rough surface 粗糙表面

rough and tumble 争夺;乱作一团

rough machining 粗加工

rough road n. 起伏不平的路

rough handling 粗率的处理

rough and ready 简陋的;马虎的

rough sea 大浪;狂浪;风大浪急的海面

rough grinding 粗研磨,粗磨

rough draft 草稿;底子

rough estimate 粗略的估计,粗算

rough terrain 不平地形,地形条件恶劣地区

rough in 草拟;大致画出

diamond in the rough 未经琢磨的钻石;外粗内秀的人

cut up rough [美国口语]大发脾气  

rough endoplasmic reticulum 内质网;糙面内质网,粗面型内质网

rough and tough ◎粗鲁的,粗暴的,粗野的 , ◎强壮的,结实的  

sleep rough 露宿(在公园过夜);睡得难受

rough paper 糙面纸

  更多收起词组短语

词根: rough

adj.

roughish 略粗糙的;略粗暴的;有点刺耳的;略有风浪的

adv.

roughly 粗糙地;概略地

n.

roughness 粗糙(度);粗暴;猛烈;篷乱毛发;未加工

roughage 粗饲料;粗粮;粗糙的原料

vi.

roughen 变粗糙

vt.

roughen 使粗糙

  hoarse, rough, harsh

这组词都有“嘶哑的,沙哑的”的意思,其区别是:

hoarse 指嘶哑刺耳的声音,通常因高声喊叫后嗓子失音所致。

rough 指粗哑难听的声音。

harsh 一般多指刺耳难听的声音。

以上来源于网络

  rude, crude, harsh, rough, coarse

这组词都有“粗糙的”的意思,其区别是:

rude 指加工粗糙、不精细。也指某人的言行举止粗鲁无礼,缺乏修养。

crude 主要指未经加工处理尚处于自然状态的物质;也可指人的言行粗鲁。

harsh 指外表、性质、声音的粗糙、刺耳、刺目,强调使人不愉快的粗糙感。

rough 普通用词,指某物纹理不精细,或表面凹凸不平,不光滑。

coarse 指某物质地粗糙低劣或编织、加工等不精细、精巧。也指人的言谈举止粗鲁,不文雅。

以上来源于网络

  preliminary, rough

preliminary 初步的,预备的

rough 粗糙的,大致的

以上来源于网络

双语例句原声例句权威例句

  • She ganged up on me with those rough boys.

    伙同那些粗野男孩对付

    《新英汉大辞典》

  • I make some rough calculation in the back of an envelope .

    信封背面一个粗略估算

    www.chinafanyi.com

  • If it is for some of the more rough milling milling, then we started at the speed of the slow.

    如果一些比较进行铣切我们开始时候速度最好慢一点

    www.aweasdzw.com

更多双语例句
  • This time,it happened while he was working on a railroad with men who did rough work and looked rough.

    VOA: special.2010.08.01

  • Passion plucks no berries from the myrtle and ivy, nor calls upon Arethuse and Mincius, nor tells of "rough satyrs and fauns with cloven heel."

    真情不会强摘番石榴和常春藤的果实,也不会造访,阿里休斯和,敏吉河,更不会提到“粗犷“

    耶鲁公开课 - 弥尔顿课程节选

  • In fact, a rough grasp on traditional English meter to Stevens, say, or to Crane, or to Auden or Bishop.

    事实上,粗略的了解英国节律,比如史蒂文斯,克瑞恩,奥登和主教。

    耶鲁公开课 - 现代诗歌课程节选

更多原声例句
更多权威例句

词组短语

in rough 作为草稿;在草稿纸上

in the rough 未完成的;未加工的;大致上

rough surface 粗糙表面

rough and tumble 争夺;乱作一团

rough machining 粗加工

rough road n. 起伏不平的路

rough handling 粗率的处理

rough and ready 简陋的;马虎的

rough sea 大浪;狂浪;风大浪急的海面

rough grinding 粗研磨,粗磨

rough draft 草稿;底子

rough estimate 粗略的估计,粗算

rough terrain 不平地形,地形条件恶劣地区

rough in 草拟;大致画出

diamond in the rough 未经琢磨的钻石;外粗内秀的人

cut up rough [美国口语]大发脾气  

rough endoplasmic reticulum 内质网;糙面内质网,粗面型内质网

rough and tough ◎粗鲁的,粗暴的,粗野的 , ◎强壮的,结实的  

sleep rough 露宿(在公园过夜);睡得难受

rough paper 糙面纸

  更多收起词组短语
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