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• So we're going to go through a thermodynamic cycle, and here's what I want to calculate when we do this.

那么我们要推导,一个热力学循环,这是这个过程中我要计算的东西。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• OK, now what we'd like to do is be able to calculate any of these quantities in terms of temperature, pressure, volume properties.

现在我们想要做的是能够利用,温度，压强和体积的性质,计算上面的物理量。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• And we can calculate that with the formula that we used, which was just n minus l minus 1 equals the number of nodes.

这个我们可以用我们以前用过的那个公式来计算，也就是节点数等于ｎ减去ｌ减去１

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• For the simple reason that the number of possible chess games is so huge, that computers can't calculate it.

原因很简单,棋局的潜在变数相当之大,以至于计算机根本无法将其完全计算出来

耶鲁公开课 - 死亡课程节选

• The Born-Haber cycle was designed to allow us to calculate the energetics of, in particular,the ionic bond.

伯恩哈勃循环,可以让我们计算能量，特别是离子键的。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• Well, I don't want to arbitrarily calculate a figure, ... I mean, right now. I think that... You want to take it under advisement?

我不想武断地算出一个数字，我是指马上就算出，我觉得。,你想要深思熟虑之后再决定？

耶鲁公开课 - 公正课程节选

• It uses the binomial distribution to calculate the probability of getting any specific number of accidents.

保险公司就可以用二项分布公式,来计算特定数目事故发生的概率

耶鲁公开课 - 金融市场课程节选

• When they started to calculate how much rice would be need to fill up all blocks, all the way to 2 to the power 63.

当他们开始计算,需要多少粒米填满所有方格时，从第二格到第63格。

哈佛公开课 - 幸福课课程节选

• So really what we'll probably do is instead either give you the wavelength or the frequency and you'll go ahead and calculate the energy from there.

所以实际上我们可能的做法是,给你波长或者频率,然后你可以通过他们计算得到能量。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• Whereas under these conditions, these quantities, if you look at free energy change, for example at constant temperature and pressure, H you can still calculate H.

但是，在这些条件下，这些物理量，如果我们考察自由能的变化,例如在恒定的温度和压强下，我们仍然可以计算。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• This is a point that is often confusing, because you can think, well maybe I could calculate what the internal pressure is even for this very rapid process.

这一点可能让你们很困惑，因为你们可以想象这个过程，我也可以计算在这快速的变化中,内部压强是多大。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• And an electron is something where, i n fact, we might be able to, if we calculate it and see how that works out, actually observe some of its wave-like properties.

如果我们对电子做计算,并且知道如何算出来的,那么我们是可以观测到,电子的一些波动性质的。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And, in fact, these are the only two types of nodes that we're going to be describing, so we can actually calculate both the total number of notes and the number of each type of node we should expect to see in any type of orbital.

事实上，我们只,描述这两种节点，所以我们可以,计算任何轨道中的,总结点数以及各种节点数。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And, he came up with a relationship to calculate the percent ionic character.

他想到一个办法,来计算每个离子化成分。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• And so we can actually think about how do we calculate what the dissociation energy should be for h 2, so let's go ahead and do this.

因此，我们其实可以想到应该如何计算,氢分子的离解能，那么我们开始做一下吧。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• Often, for a particular state change, it is easy to calculate two of these, but not the third.

对于一些特定的状态变化，它们中的两个很好计算，但是第三个往往不容易计算。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• I don't want to have to deal with heat escaping to the outside environment in a way that might be difficult or complicated to measure or calculate.

我可不想处理跑到,环境中去的热量，那测量或,计算起来会非常麻烦和复杂。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• Which means that g we can really calculate all the thermodynamics in terms of only g.

这意味着,我们能够利用,计算出所有的热力学量。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• So we should be able to calculate a z effective for any atom that we want to talk about, as long as we know what that ionization energy is.

我们应该可以计算出任何一个,我们想要谈论的原子的有效电荷量，只要我们知道电离能是多少。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And we can go through and calculate the value of this quantity in parenthesis. And, when we do so, we get the value 2.18 times 10 to the minus 18 joules.

我们能进行计算这些值,如果我们这样做，我们能算出是，2。18，乘以10，的负18焦耳。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• And knowing now how to calculate these free energies especially the Helmholtz and the Gibbs free energies,that's what's going to guide us in really calculating quantitatively, OK, where will equilibrium lie.

知道如何计算,这些自由能,尤其是亥姆赫兹和吉布斯自由能之后,这些数值计算就能告诉我们，平衡态到底是什么样子。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• All right, let's calculate the work that's involved with these two processes.

这些路径都是可逆的,可逆过程指的。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• So this allows us to calculate all sorts of things to get these functional forms.

我们就知道要,如何计算出。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• Here is what we calculate to tell whether it happens spontaneously.

这就是我们所需要计算的物理量,它能够告诉我们变化是否会自发发生。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• In fact, we're going to do some of that today, u OK, calculate delta u.

待会我们就来看看，怎样计算Δ

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• There will be some computations, so something to calculate with.

考试中会有计算，所以需要计算工具。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• To calculate the expected utility of your wealth, you might also have to look at the expected return, or the geometric expected return, or the standard deviation.

要计算你财富的期望效用,你也许还要研究预期收益曲线,或几何预期收益率,或是标准差

耶鲁公开课 - 金融市场课程节选

• And, we could easily calculate the energies.

我们就能很容易的算出能量。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• The purpose here is to look at a series of processes in which temperature is held constant, and we're going to calculate how much work we get from allowing a gas to expand under various conditions.

目的是让大家了解一下,几个保持温度不变的过程，然后我们将计算,气体在不同膨胀过程中,的对外做功。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

calculate on 指望；期待

be calculated for 适合于……；为适合…而设计的

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