多伦路 百科内容来自于: 百度百科

多伦路位于上海苏州 河以北的虹口区中部的鲁迅公园板块内。南傍四川北路商贸闹市,北邻鲁迅公园、虹口足球场,背靠内环高架、轨道交通3号线和8号线,动静相间一里有余。原名窦乐安路(Darroch Road),以曾受到清朝光绪帝接见的英国传教士窦乐安命名。

历史渊源

多伦路修建于1912年,虽在理论上隶属华界,但却是当时上海公共租界工部局越界筑路的产物。多伦路全长550米,呈L字型,东、北两端都与四川北路(1945年以前称北四川路)交汇。这条小街曲折幽静,街边的小楼风格各异。夹街小楼,栉比鳞次,风格各异。
20世纪初的多伦路,还是上海宝山县一条荒芜冷僻的小河浜。
  在随西方列强炮火而涌入中国的淘金者队伍中,有一个叫窦乐安的英国传教士(他曾受到清朝光绪帝接见),在当时虹口公共租界地块上,象征性地花了些钱,买下了这片土地。
  窦乐安看中这里中、美、日三不管的宽松环境、便宜的地价和淞沪铁路近在咫尺的交通,填河造路,干起了招商引资的营生。于是,新的路名便叫窦乐安路。
多伦路与上海的豫园老街、静安寺、南京路相比,没有他们的奢华辉煌,显得有点不起眼。然而这条外观看似平凡的观光景点,它却是中国近代史上的卧虎藏龙之地,二十世纪初文化界重地,也是许多彪炳史册的文坛名流曾经工作与居住的地方。其中就包括了鲁迅茅盾瞿秋白、丁玲等,台湾作家白先勇也在这里的白公馆里度过童年。

人文沉淀

个多世纪来,上海走过了从开埠时期的沙船渔村到三十年代的十里洋场直至形成今日东方大都市的沧桑历程。多伦路及其周边地区从一个侧面集中地展示了这个历程印迹和文化缩影,从瞿秋白陈望道、赵世炎、王造时内山完造景云里、中华艺术大学、
上海艺术剧社,名人故居、海上旧里,积淀成今天多伦路上浓厚的文化气息,使人流连忘返。真可谓“一条多伦路,百年上海滩”。
多伦路号称“现代文学重镇”,因为30年代中国一群左联作家,诸如鲁迅茅盾郭沫若叶圣陶等文学巨匠以及丁玲、柔石等左联作家等人,曾在此频繁地进行
文学交流。在现在的多伦路201弄2号还留有左联会址与纪念馆。这些左翼文学健将们的故居也多在这条小路上。而名闻遐迩的公啡咖啡馆(现已改为时装商厦)、孔祥熙公馆、白崇禧公馆、汤恩伯公馆等遗址,更使得多伦路彷佛成为海派建筑的“露天博物馆”。
总之,多伦路是值得慢慢逛的地方。多伦路上走一走,你似乎还能聆听到这里曾经激荡文坛的震耳惊雷;多伦路上走一走,你仿佛还能感受到这里曾经强劲跳动的“民族魂”脉搏;多伦路上走一走,你依稀还能呼吸到这里厚积薄发的中国近现代文化的沁人气息;多伦路上走一走,你一定还能领略到百年上海滩演绎的民俗风情。多伦路上走一走,你一定能见前所之未见,闻前所之未闻,思前所之未思,获前所之未获。
它以旧容新貌贯串过去与未来,诉说着上海滩种种动人的传说。

典雅文博

如 今的多伦路面清目秀,凸显了沿街建筑的特色风貌。两侧的博物馆、展览馆、古玩字画、书屋文苑、茶室 吧廊则成为国内外宾客怀旧休闲、旅游观光、文化消费的好去处。“名人雕塑广场”、“名人足迹路”、“民间收藏馆”、“艺术馆”、“博物馆”。在引进上海古玩商店后,又吸引了“藏书票收藏馆”、“苏韵阁”、“筷子博物馆”(多伦路191号)、“金泉古币博物馆”(四川北路203弄35号原汤公馆)、“南京钟收藏馆”(多伦路193号)、“文风奇石藏馆”(多伦路189号)等等一批极具个性的民间收藏馆,形成了“文博街市”的主体特色。多伦路上还
有一些其他小型私人收藏博物馆包括集报馆、古陶瓷收藏馆等。这条已被评为“上海十大休闲街”的文化街上,拥有全国第一家现代美术馆,它吸引了世界各地的画家与画廊。
“多伦路文化名人街”再现了二、三十年代上海的人文风情,并以独特的文博景观和典雅的文化品位成为上海的旅游热点之一。

PROVISO

Duolun Road (formerly named Doulean Road transliteration) is a little street in Shanghai, north of the Sichuanbei Road Trade Area, and south of Lu Xun Park and Hongkou Football Field, with its back to the Inner Ring Viaduct and Jewel Light Track. The length of it is only about half a mile. The street is both narrow and short, and is also winding and deep and quiet, edged by little buildings of various styles, row upon row. Through in the maps it can hardly be found, it's a major scene in the history of literature of modern times.
In the past century, S
hanghai has gone through a course of many vicissitudes. Once a fishing village and then a metropolis infested with foreign adventures, now it has become one of the great cities in the east. This course of history is showed concentratively in one aspect in Duo Lun Road and its surrounding areas, which can be, in fact, summarized as they say:" Shanghai, a city of hundred years, can be seen in Duo Lun, a little street." During this historical period, its historical position as "the famous and major district of modern literature" was established by great literature masters such as Lu Xun, Mao Dun, Guo Moruo, Ye Shentao, and by authors of "The Left-wing Authors Alien" such as Ding Lin and Rou Shi. Meanwhile it was made into "an open museum of Shanghai-fasion Buildings" bye the famous Gongfei cafe(relics) and Honde Hall, and by the residences of various styles such as Kong(xiangxi) Residence, Bai(Chongxi) Residence and Tang(Enbo) Residence. Above all, a strong flavour of culture has been formed in this area by famous men of letters such as Qu Qiubai, Chen Wangdao, Zhao Shiyan and Uchiyama Kanzo, and by the major cultural spots such as Jinyun Lane, Arts University of China, Arts Drama Troupe and many other residences of famous persons and many other lanes in old Shanghai fashion. All these linger in our minds and we can't tear ourselves away.
Those past decades of years formed a brilliant scene and to get it reappeared. Cared and supported by Gong Xueping, the vice-secretary of Shanghai Committee of the Communist Party of China, the People's Government of Hongkou District decides to reconstruct Duolun Road into a "street of famous cultural persons". According to the plan of developing it as a whole and to the rule "Rebuild it as the former", we will manage to concentrate the hundred years history of Shanghai in the new street in future to reappear the fashion of culture and humanity of Shanghai in 1920s and 1930s. We plan to build about two dozens of various museums, arts halls and exhibition centers and all kinds of Cultural-relaxation places. Thus Duolun Road will become a hot spot of tourist trade that charactered by its special scenes of letters and museums and by its high quality of culture. Ranged along the sides of the street, the museums, the exhibition centers, the houses of antique and curio and calligraphy and painting, the bookshops, the literary clubs, the teahouse and the wine bars will frame an wonderful place for the guests home and abroad. They can go there for touring and sightseeing, for recalling the past times and beguiling their leisure times, and for cultural consuming.
Walking on Duolu
n Road, you seem to hear the thunders that once made great sounds in the literary world. Walking on Duolun Road, you seem to feel the pulse of the "National Soul" that once beat mightily here. Walking on Duolun Road, you seem to breathe the refreshing breath of the modern culture of China. Walking on Duolun Road, you can surely appreciate the custom and fashion that have performed and changed in Shanghai for about one century. Waling on Duolun Road, you can surely see what you haven't seen before, and be told of what you never knew, and think of what are strange to your mind, and gain what you never owned. A market-street of culture and musems and a social district for leisure time, that is a sketch of the wide future scene of the developed Duolun Road tomorrow.
According to the plan of developing it as a whole, the developed Duolun Road will be mainly a street of cultural scene that will help to form a series of net-knots of cultural trade. The cultural scene will be mainly the result of convex-showing the charactered appearance of the building along the cultural street in future, and of producing the cultural atmosphere in the street. Added to these, the pavement, the trees, the street lamps, all designed beautiflly and pearl-like along the street, will help to establish the general appearance of the street of culture. One this basis, the resuming-and rebuilding of the famous old cultural spots such as "Gongfei Cafe" and "Uchiyama Bookshop", and the constructing of the new spots of culture and for leisure time such as "Century Clock Tower", Street-center Garden" and "Square of Status of Famous Persons", and especially the introducing-and-establishing of about two dozens places for cultural activities such as "Folk Collection Hall", "(various) Museum(s)" and "(various) Arts Hall(s)", will together form completely a morket-street charactered of culture and museums.
Meanwhile, as the largest leisure-time market-street in the future in shanghai, and as one of the main branches of Sichuanbei Road the trade street, Duolun Road in the future will begiven a cultural sales scope that give emphatic consideration both to cultural taste and to trade benefit. And we should put stress on that the street will be given characteristics of the 1930s'. The cream of various cultural products of China will be invited from all sides to join in competitions in the trading places such as famous painters' gallery, artistic ceramics market, house of the four tresures of the study, antique market, Shikumen-Inn and so on.
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