• The idea that shale-gas will become the next gold rush is therefore jeopardized, particularly because its production requires seven times the amount of water as does the extraction of conventional natural gas.

    FORBES: Water Shortages May Leave Energy Producers Dying of Thirst

  • Still, the MIT report points out that shale-gas extraction uses less water than other industries, and indeed than other sources of energy.

    ECONOMIST: Shale gas’s poor image in Europe is largely unjustified

  • Unlike the normal gas extraction, chemically treated water is forced upon the rock underground to fracture it releasing the gas in the process.

    FORBES: Chesapeake Stock Drilling Its Way To $35

  • All sources of energy and electricity require water in their production processes: the extraction of raw materials, cooling in thermal processes, in cleaning processes, cultivation of crops for biofuels, and powering turbines to generate hydroelectricity.

    UNESCO: CULTURE

  • Human societies will thus continue to search for new sources of water, but the cost of procuring water is a function of the combined cost of extraction, harvesting, transportation, treatment, storage, and delivery.

    UNESCO: Natural Sciences

  • According to API's Doyle, contracts between host countries and extraction businesses sometimes prohibit disclosure of their payments, meaning that revealing extraction payments could get a country into hot water legally.

    FORBES: Magazine Article

  • For BP Amoco's soft-spoken CEO, Sir John Browne, deep water offers the prospect of the largest untapped reserves and the lowest-cost means of extraction.

    FORBES: Going deep

  • Anyone considering the use of MIW for natural gas extraction activities has the potential to incur long-term liability because just the act of moving contaminated water gives you total responsibility for it in the future.

    FORBES: Fracking With Bad Water

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