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[wɜːk] [wɝk]

  • n. 工作;[物] 功;产品;操作;职业;行为;事业;工厂;著作;文学、音乐或艺术作品
  • vt. 使工作;操作;经营;使缓慢前进
  • vi. 工作;运作;起作用
  • n. (英、埃塞)沃克(人名)



work function [物] 功函数 ; 自由能 ; 功函數

reference work 工具书 ; 参考工作 ; 参考咨询工作

Work unit 单位 ; 工作单位 ; 工作单元 ; 工作机组

literary work 文学作品 ; 文字着作 ; 文学工作 ; 文字作品

musical work 音乐作品

piecework work 计件工作 ; 计件任务

timework work 计时工作

Work Temperature 工作温度 ; 工作环境温度 ; 操作温度 ; 使用环境温度

work force 劳动人口 ; 工作人员 ; [劳经] 劳动力 ; 劳动力受雇于一个特定的事业或活动的工人

work done 作功 ; 工作量 ; 做功 ; 完成的工作

  • 工作 - 引用次数:10801

    It is the basic work of this study.


    参考来源 - 中国税收超常增长问题研究
    劳动 - 引用次数:1305

    参考来源 - 我国民营经济发展中的若干问题研究
  • 作品 - 引用次数:2610

    The title indicates the keynote of the work directly.

    三、题目显“情”。 从题目就可以感知作品的感伤气息。

    参考来源 - 感伤的行旅 (研究生论文)
  • 活动机件,运转机构
  • 难航行
  • 工作 - 引用次数:1427

    This work has never been done systematically before.


    参考来源 - 由理性向非理性过渡的桥梁
    劳动 - 引用次数:123

    In the times of ageing, it is a very important issue how to use people’s ability entirely in their work.


    参考来源 - 北京市老年人力资源开发研究
  • 著作 - 引用次数:97

    The paper and work about its language is rarity of rarities.


    参考来源 - 《易经》虚词研究
  • 工事
  • 善行,德行
  • 工作
  • 劳动



  • n.
    • activity directed toward making or doing something

      "she checked several points needing further work"

    • a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing

      "it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works"; " the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work"; " he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey"; " the work of an active imagination"; " erosion is the work of wind or water over time"

      同义词: piece of work

    • the occupation for which you are paid

      "a lot of people are out of work"

      同义词: employment

    • applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading)

      "mastering a second language requires a lot of work"

      同义词: study

    • the total output of a writer or artist (or a substantial part of it)

      "Picasso's work can be divided into periods"

      同义词: oeuvre body of work

    • a place where work is done

      "he arrived at work early today"

      同义词: workplace

    • (physics) a manifestation of energy; the transfer of energy from one physical system to another expressed as the product of a force and the distance through which it moves a body in the direction of that force

      "work equals force times distance"

  • v.
    • exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity

      "I will work hard to improve my grades"; " she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"

    • be employed

      "Is your husband working again?"; " My wife never worked"; " Do you want to work after the age of 60?"; " She never did any work because she inherited a lot of money"; " She works as a waitress to put herself through college"

      同义词: do work

    • have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected

      "The voting process doesn't work as well as people thought"; " How does your idea work in practice?"; " This method doesn't work"; " The medicine works only if you take it with a lot of water"

      同义词: act

    • perform as expected when applied

      "This old radio doesn't work anymore"

      同义词: function operate go run

    • shape, form, or improve a material

      "work stone into tools"; " work the metal"

      同义词: work on process

    • give a workout to

      "My personal trainer works me hard"; " work one's muscles"

      同义词: exercise work out

    • proceed along a path

      "work one's way through the crowd"

      同义词: make

    • operate in a certain place, area, or specialty

      "She works the night clubs"; " The salesman works the Midwest"; " This artist works mostly in acrylics"

    • proceed towards a goal or along a path or through an activity

      "work your way through every problem or task"; " She was working on her second martini when the guests arrived"; " Start from the bottom and work towards the top"

    • move in an agitated manner

      "His fingers worked with tension"

    • cause to happen or to occur as a consequence

      "I cannot work a miracle"

      同义词: bring play wreak make for

    • cause to work

      "he is working his servants hard"

      同义词: put to work

    • prepare for crops

      同义词: cultivate crop

    • behave in a certain way when handled

      "This dough does not work easily"; " The soft metal works well"

    • have and exert influence or effect

      "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; " She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"

      同义词: influence act upon

    • operate in or through
    • cause to operate or function

      "This pilot works the controls"; " Can you work an electric drill?"

    • provoke or excite

      "The rock musician worked the crowd of young girls into a frenzy"

    • gratify and charm, usually in order to influence

      "the political candidate worked the crowds"

    • make something, usually for a specific function

      同义词: shape form mold mould forge

    • move into or onto

      "work the raisins into the dough"; " the student worked a few jokes into his presentation"; " work the body onto the flatbed truck"

    • make uniform

      "work the clay until it is soft"

      同义词: knead

    • use or manipulate to one's advantage

      "She knows how to work the system"; " he works his parents for sympathy"

      同义词: exploit

    • find the solution to (a problem or question) or understand the meaning of

      "this unpleasant situation isn't going to work itself out"; " He could not work the math problem"

      同义词: solve work out figure out puzzle out lick

    • cause to undergo fermentation

      "The vintner worked the wine in big oak vats"

      同义词: ferment

    • go sour or spoil

      "The wine worked"

      同义词: sour turn ferment

    • arrive at a certain condition through repeated motion

      "The stitches of the hem worked loose after she wore the skirt many times"

以上来源于: WordNet



work /wɜːk/ CET4 TEM4 ( working, worked, works )

  • 1. 

    V-I People who work have a job, usually one which they are paid to do. 工作


    I started working in a recording studio.



    He worked as a teacher for 50 years.



    I want to work, I don't want to be on welfare.


  • 2. 

    V-T/V-I When you work, you do the things that you are paid or required to do in your job. 工作


    I can't talk to you right now – I'm working.



    He was working at his desk.



    They work forty hours a week.


  • 3. 

    V-I When you work, you spend time and effort doing a task that needs to be done or trying to achieve something. 努力从事


    Linda spends all her time working on the garden.



    The government expressed hope that all the sides will work toward a political solution.


  • 4. 

    V-I If someone is working on a particular subject or question, they are studying or researching it. 研究


    Professor Bonnet has been working for many years on molecules of this type.


  • 5. 

    V-I If you work with a person or a group of people, you spend time and effort trying to help them in some way. 帮助


    She spent a period of time working with people dying of cancer.


  • 6. 

    V-I If a machine or piece of equipment works, it operates and performs a particular function. (机器或设备) 运转


    The pump doesn't work and we have no running water.


  • 7. 

    V-I If an idea, system, or way of doing something works, it is successful, effective, or satisfactory. (想法、系统或方法) 奏效


    95 percent of these diets do not work.


  • 8. 

    V-I If a drug or medicine works, it produces a particular physical effect. (药物) 起作用


    I wake up at 6 a.m. as the sleeping pill doesn't work for more than nine hours.


  • 9. 

    V-I If your mind or brain is working, you are thinking about something or trying to solve a problem. (脑子或思想) 运转


    My mind was working frantically, running over the events of the evening.

    我的脑子疯狂地运转着, 将那天晚上发生的事情过了一遍。

  • 10. 

    V-I If you work on an assumption or idea, you act as if it were true or base other ideas on it, until you have more information. 基于 (一个假设) 而行动


    We are working on the assumption that it was a gas explosion.


  • 11. 

    V-I If you work on someone, you persuade or attempt to persuade or influence them. 影响; 劝说(某人)

  • 12. 

    V-T If you work someone, you make them spend time and effort doing a particular activity or job. 使干活


    They're working me too hard. I'm too old for this.


  • 13. 

    V-T When people work the land, they do all the tasks involved in growing crops. 开垦


    Farmers worked the fertile valleys.


  • 14. 

    V-T If you work a machine or piece of equipment, you use or control it. 操作 (机器或设备)


    Many adults still depend on their children to work the video.


  • 15. 

    V-I If something works into a particular state or condition, it gradually moves so that it is in that state or condition. 逐渐变成


    It's important to put a lock washer on that last nut, or it can work loose.


  • 16. 

    → see also working

  • 17. 

    PHRASE If you work your way somewhere, you move or progress there slowly, and with a lot of effort or work. 逐渐移动到某处


    Rescuers were still working their way toward the trapped men.



work /wɜːk/ ( works )


  • 1. 

    N-UNCOUNT People who have work or who are in work have a job, usually one which they are paid to do. 工作


    Fewer and fewer people are in work.



    I was out of work at the time.


  • 2. 

    N-UNCOUNT Your work consists of the things you are paid or required to do in your job. 工作


    We're supposed to be running a business here. I've got work to do.



    I used to take work home, but I don't do it any more.


  • 3. 

    N-UNCOUNT Work is tasks that need to be done or things that need to be achieved. 活计


    There was a lot of work to do on their house.


  • 4. 

    N-UNCOUNT Work is the place where you do your job. 工作单位


    Many people travel to work by car.


  • 5. 

    N-UNCOUNT Work is something that you produce as a result of an activity or as a result of doing your job. 工作成果


    It can help to have an impartial third party look over your work.


  • 6. 

    N-COUNT A work is something such as a painting, book, or piece of music produced by an artist, writer, or composer. 作品; 著作


    In my opinion, this is Rembrandt's greatest work.


  • 7. 

    N-UNCOUNT Someone's work is the study or research that they have done on a particular subject or question. 研究


    Their work shows that one-year-olds are much more likely to have allergies if either parent smokes.


  • 8. 

    N-UNCOUNT Work with a particular person or a group of people is time and effort spent trying to help them in some way. (帮助他人的) 工作


    She became involved in social and relief work among the refugees.


  • 9. 

    N-COUNT-COLL A works is a place where something is manufactured or where an industrial process is carried out. Works is used to refer to one or to more than one of these places. 工厂


    ...the steelworks in Gary, Indiana.


  • 10. 

    N-PLURAL Works are activities such as digging the ground or building on a large scale. 施工


    ...six years of disruptive building works, road construction and urban development.


  • 11. 

    PHRASE If someone is at work they are doing their job or are busy doing a particular activity. 在工作; 在从事某种活动


    The salvage teams are already hard at work trying to deal with the spilled oil.


  • 12. 

    PHRASE If a force or process is at work, it is having a particular influence or effect. 正起作用


    It is important to understand the powerful economic and social forces at work behind our own actions.


  • 13. 

    PHRASE If you put someone to work or set them to work, you give them a job or task to do. 给某人工作


    By stimulating the economy, we're going to put people to work.


  • 14. 

    PHRASE If you get to work, go to work, or set to work on a job, task, or problem, you start doing it or dealing with it. 开始工作; 着手处理


    He promised to get to work on the state's massive deficit.



work in 进入;插进

at work 在工作;上班

work with 与…共事;对……有效

hard work 努力工作;繁重的工作

work on 影响,对…起作用;继续工作;从事于…;设法说服

work for 效劳;为…工作;为…效力

work hard 努力学习;辛勤工作

work together 合作;共事;共同工作

work out 解决;算出;实现;制定出;消耗完;弄懂

in work adv. 有工作;在完成之中

work experience 工作经验

research work 调查研究工作

work as 担任;以…身份而工作

social work 社会福利工作(等于social service)

work at 从事于……;致力于……

work efficiency 工作效率;劳动效率;加工效率

work well 有效;工作好

in the works 正在准备阶段;在进行中或准备中

team work 配合,协力;工作小组;协同工作

good work 良好的工作;干得好;做得很棒


词根: work


wrought 锻造的;加工的;精细的

workaholic 醉心于工作的

working 工作的;操作的;可行的

workable 切实可行的;可经营的;能工作的

workday 日常的,工作日的;平凡的

workaday 工作日的;日常的;普通的,平凡的


workaholic 专心工作的人;醉心于工作的人;为免遭辞退而工作过份卖力的人

working 工作;活动;制作;操纵

worker 工人;劳动者;职蚁

workday 工作日

workaholism 迷恋工作;醉心工作


wrought 工作(work的过去分词)

working 工作;影响;受雇用(work的ing形式)

  work, vocation, occupation, employment, trade, profession, career, job


work 指任何种类的工作,也泛指职业。

vocation 较正式用词,语气庄重,指长期从事,但不一定以此为主计的职业。

occupation 泛指任何一种职业,既不分什么行业,也不管是脑力还是体力劳动。

employment 指受雇于他人,领取工资以谋生计,有较固定工作的职业。

trade 指需要有熟练技巧、技能和体力的职业。

profession 以前常指要受过高等教育(尤指法律、医学和神学)才能获得的职业,现在一般指为谋生日的职业,尤指从事脑力劳动和受过专门训练,具有某种专业知识的职业。

career 指经过专门训练,终身愿意从事的职业。

job 通常指一切有收入,不分脑力与体力运动,不论是否有技艺的长期或临时的职业。


  work, operate, manipulate, run, maneuver

work 干活,劳动

operate 操作,动手术

manipulate (为某一目的而)控制,影响(某人或某物)

run 跑,开动(机器);

maneuver 巧妙的移动或调动


  work, job


work 不可数,

job 可数 a good job


  work, task, job


work 最普通用词,含义广,指人们日常生活和工作中所从事的有目的的体力或脑力劳动。

task 通常指分派给的任务,也指自愿的工作,但往往是艰巨或令人厌烦的工作。

job 多用于口语,侧重指受雇用的,以谋生为目的工作,不论有无技术,也不管是零工或散工。



  • And I remember when I was about twelve, her work and his work permitted us all to do that.

    VOA: special.2009.11.23

  • How does all this work? Brooks believes that he can understand it, as we'll try to explain, in psychoanalytic terms.


    耶鲁公开课 - 文学理论导论课程节选

  • Let's pretend that at work, your boss gives you too much work and not enough time to finish it.


    How can I 课堂 - SpeakingMax英语口语达人



work in 进入;插进

at work 在工作;上班

work with 与…共事;对……有效

hard work 努力工作;繁重的工作

work on 影响,对…起作用;继续工作;从事于…;设法说服

work for 效劳;为…工作;为…效力

work hard 努力学习;辛勤工作

work together 合作;共事;共同工作

work out 解决;算出;实现;制定出;消耗完;弄懂

in work adv. 有工作;在完成之中

work experience 工作经验

research work 调查研究工作

work as 担任;以…身份而工作

social work 社会福利工作(等于social service)

work at 从事于……;致力于……

work efficiency 工作效率;劳动效率;加工效率

work well 有效;工作好

in the works 正在准备阶段;在进行中或准备中

team work 配合,协力;工作小组;协同工作

good work 良好的工作;干得好;做得很棒

- 来自原声例句

进来说说原因吧 确定

进来说说原因吧 确定