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near
[nɪə(r)] [nɪr]

  • adv. 接近(地),靠近(地),离......很近(地);不久,很快;近乎;差不多,几乎
  • prep. 在......附近,靠近;临近;近乎,就要;与......相似,近似于
  • adj. (距离)近的,靠近的;接近的;近似的;不久的;近亲的;小气的
  • vt. 接近;快到(某个阶段或时间)
  • vi. (重要时刻或事件等)临近

网络释义专业释义英英释义

  靠近

--诸葛亮没过几分钟,一条哈巴狗和一条半大不小的黑狗一前一后向我靠近(Near),不明白是互相追逐闹着玩,还是目标就是我。

基于1240个网页-相关网页

  尼亚

但与之回应的却是自称为L的后继者的少年尼亚(Near)在最终一步估计错误,被发现是基拉后的夜神月,尝试游说众人,但被尼亚反驳了。月决定用死亡笔记的纸张杀死尼亚,但被松田桃太.

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  跟前

”在防止一端一律将曼联中场切割分化,全场比赛小马(Colt)简直就想像一只无处不在的幽灵,甚至他会飘到范德萨的跟前(Near)是骚扰抢断,赛后天空体育打出8分的高分也是实至名归,小马哥看开依然有潜力可挖,需要留意的是对他的保护,应该考虑适当的让他休息...

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  近乎

dollar),这位昔时的 (Of)总冠军球队总决赛MVP近乎(Near)是"收费"为本身的球队功能。劳资两边在今天举办了最终交涉,宁愿面貌丑陋,不愿思想丑陋。

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短语

near threatened 近危物种 ; 危物种 ; 接近威胁 ; 接近受威胁

Near East 近东 ; 近东地区 ; 东时代

near shipment 近期装运

near here 在这儿附近 ; 这儿附近 ; 在这附近

very near 八九不离十 ; 很近 ; 非常近

near space 近空 ; 近空间 ; 近太空

Near vertically 近乎垂直 ; 接近于铅直

anywhere near 接近于 ; 根本 ; 全然 ; 详细翻译

near vision 近视力 ; 近视视力 ; 远视视力 ; 近视目力

 更多收起网络短语
  • - 引用次数:28

    2) FAR and NEAR are antonyms, but in English, only some extensions of FAR/NEAR conceptual metaphors correspond to each other, showing that the metaphorical meanings of the two concepts are unevenly distributed.

    相比之下,汉语“远/”概念的隐喻投射分布存在一定的对称性。

    参考来源 - “远/近”的空间隐喻
  • 近的 - 引用次数:1

    参考来源 - 超燃冲压发动机双凹腔燃烧室燃烧流动过程研究

·2,447,543篇论文数据,部分数据来源于NoteExpress

near

  • v. move towards

    "They are drawing near"; " The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

    同义词: approach come on go up draw near draw close come near

  • adj.
    • not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances

      "near neighbors"; " in the near future"; " they are near equals"; " his nearest approach to success"; " a very near thing"; " a near hit by the bomb"; " she was near tears"

      同义词: close nigh

    • being on the left side

      "the near or nigh horse is the one on the left"; " the animal's left side is its near or nigh side"

      同义词: nigh(a)

    • closely resembling the genuine article

      "near beer"; " a dress of near satin"

    • giving or spending with reluctance

      "very close (or near) with his money"

      同义词: cheeseparing close penny-pinching skinny

    • with or in a close or intimate relationship

      "my sisters and brothers are near and dear"

      同义词: dear good

    • very close in resemblance

      "a near likeness"

      同义词: approximate

  • adv.
    • near in time or place or relationship

      "as the wedding day drew near"; " stood near the door"; " don't shoot until they come near"; " getting near to the true explanation"; " her mother is always near"

      同义词: nigh close

    • (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished

      "he nearly fainted"; " I was near exhausted by the run"

      同义词: about just about almost most all but nearly nigh virtually well-nigh

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

near /nɪə/ CET4 TEM4 ( nearing, neared, nearer, nears, nearest )

  • 1. 

    PREP If something is near a place, thing, or person, it is a short distance from them. 离…近

    例:

    Don't come near me.

    别靠近我。

    例:

    He drew his chair nearer the fire.

    他把他的椅子向炉火拉近了些。

  • 2. 

    ADV Near is also an adverb. 靠近

    例:

    He crouched as near to the door as he could.

    他蜷缩在尽可能靠近门的地方。

    例:

    She took a step nearer to the barrier.

    她向路障走近了一步。

  • 3. 

    ADJ Near is also an adjective. 靠近的 [ADJ n, 'the' ADJ 'of' n]

    例:

    He collapsed into the nearest chair.

    他瘫在最近的椅子上。

    例:

    The nearer of the two barges was perhaps a mile away.

    两条驳船中较近的一条约有一英里远。

  • 4. 

    PHRASE If someone or something is near to a particular state, they have almost reached it. 接近 (某一状态)

    例:

    After the war, the firm came near to bankruptcy.

    战后这家公司濒临破产。

    例:

    The repairs to the Hafner machine were near to completion.

    哈芙纳牌机器的维修工作已接近尾声。

  • 5. 

    PREP Near means the same as near to. 接近

    例:

    He was near tears.

    他几乎要流泪了。

    例:

    For almost a month he lay near death.

    他半死不活地躺了将近一个月。

  • 6. 

    PHRASE If something is similar to something else, you can say that it is near to it. 与…相似

    例:

    It combined with the resinous cedar smell of the logs to produce a sickening sensation that was near to nausea.

    它与那些圆木的雪松树脂气味混杂在一起,以产生一种快要呕吐的恶心感觉。

  • 7. 

    PREP Near means the same as near to. 与…相似

    例:

    Often her feelings were nearer hatred than love.

    她的感情往往更像是恨,而不是爱。

  • 8. 

    ADJ You describe the thing most similar to something as the nearest thing to it when there is no example of the thing itself. 与 (某物) 最相似的 ['the' ADJ n 'to' n, 'the' ADJ 'to' n]

    例:

    It would appear that the legal profession is the nearest thing to a recession-proof industry.

    看起来司法行业最接近于一种不怕经济衰退的行业。

  • 9. 

    ADV If a time or event draws near, it will happen soon. 临近 [书面]

    例:

    The time for my departure from Japan was drawing nearer every day.

    我离开日本的时间一天天临近了。

  • 10. 

    PREP If something happens near a particular time, it happens just before or just after that time. 离 (某一时间) 近

    例:

    Performance is lowest between 3 a.m. and 5 a.m., and reaches a peak near midday.

    工作状态凌晨3点到5点最差,近中午时分达到最高点。

    例:

    "Since I retired to this place," he wrote near the end of his life, "I have never been out of these mountains."

    “自从退休到这里,”他在快到生命尽头时写到,“我从没出过这些山。”

  • 11. 

    PREP You use near to say that something is a little more or less than an amount or number stated. 接近于 (某数量或数字)

    例:

    ...to increase manufacturing from about 2.5 million cars a year to nearer 4.75 million.

    …把轿车年产量从250万辆左右提高到接近475万辆。

  • 12. 

    PREP You can say that someone will not go near a person or thing when you are emphasizing that they refuse to see them or go there. 拒绝与 (某人或某物) 接触 [with brd-neg] [强调]

    例:

    He will absolutely not go near a hospital.

    他绝不去医院。

  • 13. 

    ADJ Thenear one of two things is the one that is closer. (二者中) 离得近些的 [det ADJ n]

    例:

    ...a mighty beech tree on the near side of the little clearing.

    …小片林间空地近侧一棵硕大的山毛榉树。

  • 14. 

    ADJ You use near to indicate that something is almost the thing mentioned. 差不多的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    She was believed to have died in near poverty.

    人们相信,她死时几乎一贫如洗。

  • 15. 

    ADV Near is also an adverb. 差不多地 [ADV adj]

    例:

    ...his near fatal accident two years ago.

    …两年前那场险些让他丧命的事故。

  • 16. 

    ADJ In a contest, your nearest rival or challenger is the person or team that is most likely to defeat you. 最接近的 (对手或挑战者) [ADJ n]

    例:

    He completed the lengthy course some three seconds faster than his nearest rival, Jonathon Ford.

    他比劲敌乔纳松·福特快约三秒钟完成了漫长的赛程。

  • 17. 

    V-T When you near a place, you get quite near to it. 接近 (地点) [文学性] [no passive]

    例:

    As he neared the stable, he slowed the horse and patted it on the neck.

    接近马厩时,他让马慢下来并拍拍它的脖子。

  • 18. 

    V-T When someone or something nears a particular stage or point, they will soon reach that stage or point. 快到 (某个阶段或时间) [no passive]

    例:

    His age was hard to guess – he must have been nearing fifty.

    他的年龄很难猜出来–他肯定快50岁了。

    例:

    You are nearing the end of your training and you haven't attempted any assessments yet.

    你们的培训快结束了,而你们还未尝试做过任何评估。

  • 19. 

    V-I You say that an important time or event nears when it is going to occur quite soon. (重要时刻或事件等) 临近 [文学性]

    例:

    As half time neared, Hardyman almost scored twice.

    中场休息临近时,哈迪曼几乎两度得分。

  • 20. 

    PHRASE You use near and far to indicate that you are referring to a very large area or distance. 四处

    例:

    People would gather from near and far.

    人们会从四面八方聚起来。

  • 21. 

    PHRASE If you say that something will happen in the near future, you mean that it will happen quite soon. 在不久的将来

    例:

    The controversy regarding vitamin C is unlikely to be resolved in the near future.

    关于维生素C的争论近期不大可能被解决。

  • 22. 

    PHRASE You use nowhere near and not anywhere near to emphasize that something is not the case. 远不 [强调]

    例:

    They are nowhere near good enough.

    他们远不够好。

    例:

    It was nowhere near as painful as David had expected.

    这远远不像大卫预料的那么痛苦。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

come near 走进;险些;可与…相比(多用于否定句)

far and near 远近;四面八方;到处

near by 接近;在…附近

nowhere near 远不及;离…很远

near at hand 在手边,在附近

nearest and dearest 最亲近的(人)  

as near as 几乎,差不多  

near of kin 近亲的  

  更多收起词组短语

词根: near

n.

nearness 接近;密切;近似

  near, nearby, close

这组词都有“接近的”的意思,其区别是:

near 语气弱于close,也指时间或空间上的接近,但无“紧接,接触”的含义。

nearby 指距离上很近,近在咫尺。

close 语气强于near。指时间、地点或程度方面的接近,有紧靠、相邻的意味。

以上来源于网络

双语例句原声例句权威例句

  • Most of our forces have concentrated near the station.

    我们大部分兵力集结车站附近

    《新英汉大辞典》

更多双语例句
  • They told the commander they thought they were west of a small island near the coast of northwestern France.

    VOA: special.2010.07.14

  • Well, my usual style of programming would be to implement the one that's lowest down in the hierarchy near the bottom.

    一般我的编程风格是,先构建等级中最低的东西,也就是靠近地层的东西。

    麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

  • If you head up around, like Clement, near like Arguello, like just a couple blocks south of the Presidio,

    要是直走,就是克莱门街,挨着阿圭罗街,距离普雷西迪奥两个街区的距离,

    旧金山的热点 - SpeakingMax英语口语达人

更多原声例句
更多权威例句

词组短语

come near 走进;险些;可与…相比(多用于否定句)

far and near 远近;四面八方;到处

near by 接近;在…附近

nowhere near 远不及;离…很远

near at hand 在手边,在附近

nearest and dearest 最亲近的(人)  

as near as 几乎,差不多  

near of kin 近亲的  

  更多收起词组短语
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