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include
[ɪn'kluːd] [ɪn'klud]

  • vt. 包含,包括

[ 过去式 included 过去分词 included 现在分词 including ]

英英释义

include [ in'klu:d ]

  • v.
    • have as a part, be made up out of

      "The list includes the names of many famous writers"

    • consider as part of something

      "I include you in the list of culprits"

    • add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category

      "We must include this chemical element in the group"

    • allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of

      同义词: admit let in

以上来源于: WordNet

21世纪大英汉词典 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

include [in'klu:d]

  • vt.
    • 包括;包含:

      The farm includes 150 acres.

      这个农场有150英亩。

      There are 10 people including you.

      包括你有10个人。

    • 列入,计入:

      to include the freight in the account

      将运费计入账内

      I include you in the list.

      我把你列入名单。

    • 包住,关住:

      The nutshell includes the kernel.

      果壳裹着果仁。

    • [废语]禁闭,监禁
  更多收起结果
以上来源于:《21世纪大英汉词典》

include /ɪnˈkluːd/ CET4 TEM4 ( including, included, includes )

  • 1. 

    V-T If one thing includes another thing, it has the other thing as one of its parts. 包括

    例:

    The trip has been extended to include a few other events.

    行程已经延长以包括其他几项活动。

  • 2. 

    V-T If someone or something is included in a large group, system, or area, they become a part of it or are considered a part of it. 把…列为一部分

    例:

    I had worked hard to be included in a project like this.

    为了成为这样的项目的一分子,我过去一直埋头苦干。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

include in 包括在…中

词根: include

adj.

inclusive 包括的,包含的

included 包括的;[植] 内藏的

n.

inclusion 包含;内含物

v.

included 包括(include的过去式和过去分词)

  involve, include

involve 使陷入,牵涉

include 包括

以上来源于网络

  hold, contain, involve, embrace, comprise, comprehend, include

这组词都有“包括,包含”的意思,其区别是:

hold 常和contain换用。指能够容纳或有足够的容纳量。强调包容能力。

contain 普通用词,所涉及的物体常常是其组成部分或内容。强调包容关系。既可指具体有形的东西,也可指抽象无形的东西。

involve 把包含因整体的性质决定的成分或结果。所包括的往往是无形的,不可触知的东西,多用作引申。

embrace 正式用词,指把某事物纳入整个之中。

comprise 书面用词,暗指一个整体包括不同部分所组成,可与include交换使用。

comprehend 正工用词,指包含在整体范围以内。

include 普通用词,指一整体包含着各独立的部分,也指某东西包含另一东西的某一部分。

以上来源于网络

  constitute, consist, compose, comprise, include

这组词都有“组成,包含”的意思,其区别是:

constitute v.构成,组成(整体)。

Crime and illegal drugs constitute the city's major problems.犯罪和非法毒品买卖是这个城市面临的主要问题。

consist v.组成,构成,由……组成(后接of,常用于主动语态);(后接in)在于,存在于。

The problem consists of two parts.问题由两部分组成。

The beauty of the plan consists in its simplicity.这计划的好处就在于简单易行。

compose v.构成(整体),组成;由……组成(后接of,常用于被动语态);创作(作曲、诗歌等)。

The committee was composed mainly of teachers and parents.委员会主要由教师和学生家长组成。

comprise v.包含,包括,由……组成(整体);组成,构成。

Our company's product line comprises 2,500 different items.我们公司的生产线是由2,500个不同的组成部分构成的。

include v.包括,包含,把……列入。

The conference delegates included representatives from abroad.大会代表中有来自海外的代表。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

include in 包括在…中

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