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subject
[ˈsʌbdʒɪkt;(for adj.)ˈsʌbdʒɪkt;(for v.)səbˈdʒekt] [ˈsʌbdʒɪkt;(for adj.)ˈsʌbdʒɪkt;(for v.)səbˈdʒɛkt]

  • n. 主题;起因;科目;主词;(绘画、摄影等的)题材;实验对象;主语;国民;主旋律;主体;中心实体
  • adj. 易遭受……的;有待于……的;受……支配的;受异族统治的;臣服的
  • adv. 在……的条件下
  • v. (使)臣服

[ 复数 subjects 过去式 subjected 过去分词 subjected 现在分词 subjecting 第三人称单数 subjects ]

网络释义英英释义

  [语] 主语

...ng Well Discovering useful structures Revision of the Infinitive 动词不定式的作用 Functions of Infinitive 主语 (subject) 宾语 (object) 表语 (predicative) 定语 (attribute) 状语 (adverbial) 宾补 (object compleme 查看详细 九年级物理探究电路中的...

基于1614个网页-相关网页

  [图情] 主题

电子邮件的标准格式(RFC822) ... BCC 收信人地址,但这个收信人看不到其它收信人的地址。 Subject 主题 Comments 备注 ...

基于1198个网页-相关网页

  科目

球赛完毕后的必修科目(Subject)是小酌了,她的离开如若是一个重大打击,找间手艺不错的发型设计理个发,这样可以让你焕然一新。

基于1175个网页-相关网页

  [科技] 学科

学位英语考试词汇:教育类 ... curriculum 课程 subject 学科 discipline 纪律 ...

基于1003个网页-相关网页

短语

subject to 受制于 ; 以 ; 使服从 ; 易遭

Subject Research 学科专研究 ; 课题研究 ; 研究 ; 学科专琢磨

Blog Subject 分 ; 分类

fundamental subject 基本功学科

formal subject 正式学科 ; 形式主语 ; 正式科目

Subject details 有待协商的细节 ; 有待讨论的细节 ; 有待交涉的细节 ; 有待商榷的细节

frontline subject 尖端课题

subject terms 主题词 ; 主题检索 ; 主题词检索 ; 科目术语

subject property 估价对象 ; 学科性质 ; 标的财产 ; 估价对于象

 更多收起网络短语

subject [ 'sʌbdʒikt, -dʒe-, səb'dʒekt ]

  • n.
    • the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

      "he didn't want to discuss that subject"

      同义词: topic theme

    • some situation or event that is thought about

      "he had been thinking about the subject for several years"

      同义词: topic issue matter

    • a branch of knowledge

      "teachers should be well trained in their subject"

      同义词: discipline subject area subject field field field of study study bailiwick branch of knowledge

    • something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

      "a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject"

      同义词: content depicted object

    • a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation

      "the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly"

      同义词: case guinea pig

    • a person who owes allegiance to that nation

      "a monarch has a duty to his subjects"

      同义词: national

    • (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
    • (logic) the first term of a proposition
  • v.
    • cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to

      "He subjected me to his awful poetry"; " The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills"; " People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation"

    • make accountable for

      "He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors"

    • make subservient; force to submit or subdue

      同义词: subjugate

    • refer for judgment or consideration

      同义词: submit

  • adj.
    • not exempt from tax

      "the gift will be subject to taxation"

    • possibly accepting or permitting

      "the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation"

      同义词: capable open

    • being under the power or sovereignty of another or others

      "subject peoples"

      同义词: dependent

    • likely to be affected by something (especially something unpleasant)

      "the bond is subject to taxation"; " he is subject to fits of depression"

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

subject CET4 TEM4 ( subjecting, subjected, subjects )

名词和形容词读作ˈsʌbdʒɪkt。动词读作səbˈdʒɛkt

  • 1. 

    N-COUNT The subject of something such as a conversation, letter, or book is the thing that is being discussed or written about. 话题; 主题

    例:

    It was I who first raised the subject of plastic surgery.

    是我首先提起了整形手术这个话题。

    例:

    ...the president's own views on the subject.

    …该总统对此问题的个人观点。

  • 2. 

    N-COUNT Someone or something that is the subject of criticism, study, or an investigation is being criticized, studied, or investigated. (批评、研究或调查的) 对象

    例:

    Over the past few years, some of the positions Mr. Meredith has adopted have made him the subject of criticism.

    在过去的几年里,梅雷迪恩先生所采取的一些立场已使他成为了被批评的对象。

  • 3. 

    N-COUNT A subject is an area of knowledge or study, especially one that you study in school, or college. (尤指在学校学习的) 科目

    例:

    Surprisingly, maths was voted their favourite subject.

    令人吃惊的是,数学被评为他们喜爱的科目。

  • 4. 

    N-COUNT In an experiment or piece of research, the subject is the person or animal that is being tested or studied. 实验对象; 研究对象 [正式]

    例:

    "White noise" was played into the subject's ears through headphones.

    “白色噪音”通过耳机被送进实验对象的耳朵里。

  • 5. 

    N-COUNT An artist's subjects are the people, animals, or objects that he or she paints, models, or photographs. (绘画、摄影等的) 题材

    例:

    Sailboats and fish are popular subjects for local artists.

    帆船和鱼是当地艺术家们喜爱的题材。

  • 6. 

    N-COUNT In grammar, the subject of a clause is the noun group that refers to the person or thing that is doing the action expressed by the verb. For example, in "My cat keeps catching birds," "my cat" is the subject. 主语

  • 7. 

    ADJ To be subject to something means to be affected by it or to be likely to be affected by it. (可能) 受…影响的 [v-link ADJ 'to' n]

    例:

    Prices may be subject to alteration.

    价格可能会受变更影响。

  • 8. 

    ADJ If someone is subject to a particular set of rules or laws, they have to obey those rules or laws. 受…支配的 [v-link ADJ 'to' n]

    例:

    The tribunal is unique because Mr. Jones is not subject to the normal police discipline code.

    这个审判很特别,因为琼斯先生不受一般的警务纪律约束。

  • 9. 

    V-T If you subject someone to something unpleasant, you make them experience it. 使遭受

    例:

    ...the man who had subjected her to four years of beatings and abuse.

    …那个使她遭受了4年殴打和辱骂的男人。

  • 10. 

    N-COUNT The people who live in or belong to a particular country, usually one ruled by a monarch, are the subjects of that monarch or country. (常指君主制国家的) 臣民

    例:

    ...his subjects regarded him as a great and wise monarch.

    …他的臣民把他看成了一位伟大而英明的君主。

  • 11. 

    PHRASE When someone involved in a conversation changes the subject, they start talking about something else, often because the previous subject was embarrassing. 转变话题

    例:

    He tried to change the subject, but she wasn't to be put off.

    他试图转变话题,但她不愿被打断。

  • 12. 

    PHRASE If an event will take place subject to a condition, it will take place only if that thing happens. 取决于

    例:

    They denied a report that Egypt had agreed to a summit, subject to certain conditions.

    他们否认了埃及已同意在特定条件下参加峰会的报道。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

on the subject of 涉及…时

subject matter 主题;主旨

on the subject 就某话题

subject to change 弦外之音(专辑)

special subject 特殊主体

research subject 研究课题

main subject 主体;主课

subject area 主题区,主题范围;职务范围

major subject 专业;主科

subject to approval 需经批准;以确认为准

basic subject 基础学科

subject research 课题研究

subject line 标题;主题行;主题栏;事由

change the subject 改变话题

civil subject 民事主体

subject investigated 研究对象

subject study 课题研究

interdisciplinary subject 边缘学科

subject of crime [法]犯罪主体

subject to tax 负缴税义务

  更多收起词组短语

词根: subject

adj.

subjective 主观的;个人的;自觉的

subjectivist 主观主义的

adv.

subjectively 主观地;臆想地;内省地

n.

subjectivity 主观性,主观

subjection 隶属;服从;征服

subjectivism 主观主义;主观性

subjectivist 主观主义者

vt.

subjugate 征服;使服从;克制

  course, subject

course 课程(可包括多门科目),

subject 科目(具体的学科)a summer course

以上来源于网络

  apt, subject, liable, likely, prone

这组词都有“倾向于……的;易于……的”的意思,其区别是:

apt 口语中常用,指自然的或习惯的倾向,无特殊的褒贬意味,常指在一般情况下发生的事。

subject 指确实可以察觉的倾向,也就是总结出来的规律。

liable 指易于产生某种不利的结果,侧重偶然性,常表示警告或提醒。

likely 侧重可能性,用于指将来,预言希望或所不希望的结果。

prone 多用于人,着重其本性,或倾向于某种错误、弱点或不良行为等。

以上来源于网络

  topic, subject, theme, issue

这组词都有“主题、话题”的意思,其区别是:

topic 普通用词,含义广泛,但其范畴小于subject。既可指文章、讲话的题目,谈话的内容,又可指提纲中的标题甚至段落的主题或中心思想。

subject 一般用词,使用广泛。指书籍、文章、演讲、讨论等中所隐含的、暗示的,需要由读者或听众推断的主题或中心话题。

theme 系正式用词,多指文学、艺术作品的主题,或论文、演说的主题。

issue 指有争论、议论,急需讨论研究的热点话题。

以上来源于网络

双语例句原声例句权威例句

  • Which subject do you like?

    喜欢哪个学科

    www.029pet.cn

  • What subject do you like?

    喜欢什么科目

    www.frjy.cn

  • But his "subject" is only running around with me .

    但是他的学科仅仅跟着到处

    blog.163.com

更多双语例句
  • It must have fourteen lines, with three groups of four lines that set up the subject or problem of the poem.

    VOA: special.2010.01.06

  • So the reasons for this really enormous shift in plans, and the enormous shift in subject matter, are worth exploring.

    弥尔顿的计划变化为何如此之大,他对主题的选择为何有这么大的改变,是值得探究的。

    耶鲁公开课 - 弥尔顿课程节选

  • So you know, that's not a class that MIT is... subject MIT is typically known for, but we have everything, so...

    你知道,麻省理工学院没有什么特别出名的课程,但是我们的课程涵盖一切领域。所以……

    求学热十足的学校 - SpeakingMax英语口语达人

更多原声例句
更多权威例句

词组短语

on the subject of 涉及…时

subject matter 主题;主旨

on the subject 就某话题

subject to change 弦外之音(专辑)

special subject 特殊主体

research subject 研究课题

main subject 主体;主课

subject area 主题区,主题范围;职务范围

major subject 专业;主科

subject to approval 需经批准;以确认为准

basic subject 基础学科

subject research 课题研究

subject line 标题;主题行;主题栏;事由

change the subject 改变话题

civil subject 民事主体

subject investigated 研究对象

subject study 课题研究

interdisciplinary subject 边缘学科

subject of crime [法]犯罪主体

subject to tax 负缴税义务

  更多收起词组短语
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