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ill
[ɪl] [ɪl]

  • adj. 生病的;坏的;邪恶的;不吉利的
  • adv. 不利地;恶劣地;几乎不
  • n. 疾病;不幸
  • n. (Ill)人名;(捷、匈)伊尔

[ 比较级 worse 最高级 worst ]

英英释义

ill [ il ]

  • n. an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining

    同义词: ailment complaint

  • adj.
    • affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function

      "ill from the monotony of his suffering"

      同义词: sick

    • resulting in suffering or adversity

      "ill effects"; " it's an ill wind that blows no good"

    • distressing

      "ill manners"; " of ill repute"

    • indicating hostility or enmity

      "you certainly did me an ill turn"; " ill feelings"; " ill will"

    • presaging ill fortune

      "ill omens"; " ill predictions"

      同义词: inauspicious ominous

  • adv.
    • (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well

      "he was ill prepared"; " it ill befits a man to betray old friends"; " ill-fitting clothes"; " an ill-conceived plan"

      同义词: badly poorly

    • unfavorably or with disapproval

      "tried not to speak ill of the dead"

      同义词: badly

    • with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly

      "we can ill afford to buy a new car just now"

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

ill /ɪl/ CET4 TEM4 ( ills )

  • 1. 

    ADJ Someone who is ill is suffering from a disease or a health problem. 患病的

    例:

    In November 1941 Payne was seriously ill with pneumonia.

    1941年11月,佩恩患了严重的肺炎。

  • 2. 

    N-PLURAL People who are ill in some way can be referred to as, for example, the mentally ill. 患…病的人

    例:

    The hospice provides care for the terminally ill.

    救济院为身患绝症的人们提供护理。

  • 3. 

    N-COUNT Difficulties and problems are sometimes referred to as ills. 难题 [正式]

    例:

    His critics maintain that he's responsible for many of Algeria's ills.

    他的批评者坚持认为他对阿尔及利亚的许多问题负有责任。

  • 4. 

    ADJ You can use ill in front of some nouns to indicate that you are referring to something harmful or unpleasant. 有害的; 令人不快的 [正式] [ADJ n]

    例:

    She had brought ill luck into her family.

    她给家庭带来了厄运。

  • 5. 

    N-UNCOUNT Ill is evil or harm. 恶行; 伤害 [文学性]

    例:

    They say they mean you no ill.

    他们说他们对你没有恶意。

  • 6. 

    ADV Ill means the same as "badly." 不合适地 (同badly) [正式] [ADV with v]

    例:

    The company's conservative instincts sit ill with competition.

    该公司的保守本性不适合竞争。

  • 7. 

    PHRASE If you say that someone can ill afford to do something, or can ill afford something, you mean that they must prevent it from happening because it would be harmful or embarrassing to them. 难以承受 [正式]

    例:

    It's possible he won't play but I can ill afford to lose him.

    他有可能不会出场,但我难以承受失去他的损失。

  • 8. 

    PHRASE If you fall ill or are taken ill, you suddenly become ill. 突然病倒

    例:

    Shortly before Christmas, he was mysteriously taken ill.

    圣诞节前不久,他突然莫名其妙地病了。

  • 9. 

    to speak ill of someone →see speak

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

fell ill 生病

ill at ease 不安的;感到拘束

fall ill 生病

ill health n. 不健康

seriously ill 病重

critically ill 危重症;垂危

mentally ill 精神病患者

ill with 患有某病;有病

feel ill 难受;感到不适;感觉病了

ill-gotten gains 非法得到的钱财;不义之财  

get ill 生病;犯病

ill effect 不良作用,副作用

ill feeling 恶感;反感;猜忌

ill temper 火爆性子,坏脾气

go ill with 对…不利;不幸

physically ill 不安的,担心的;不舒服的

ill humor n. 怒气;不悦

feel ill at ease 不畅快;局促不安;心神不宁

  更多收起词组短语

词根: ill

adv.

illy 不完美地;困难的;不善地,坏地

n.

illness 病;疾病

  ill, sick

ill 做表语,

sick 定,表均可 a sick boy

以上来源于网络

  ill, poor, bad, evil, wicked

这组词都有“坏的”的意思,其区别是:

ill 与evil意义接近,但语气弱一些,常指道德或性质方面的不良。

poor 普通用词,侧重指事物的质量或数量低于标准或不合要求。用于指天气与食品时可与bad通用。

bad 含义广泛,指任何不好的或不合需要的品质。

evil 语气比bad强,强调道德上的邪恶不良,含狡猾凶险或危害他人的意味。

wicked 语气比evil强,指居心叵测,任意违反道德标准,有意作恶。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

fell ill 生病

ill at ease 不安的;感到拘束

fall ill 生病

ill health n. 不健康

seriously ill 病重

critically ill 危重症;垂危

mentally ill 精神病患者

ill with 患有某病;有病

feel ill 难受;感到不适;感觉病了

ill-gotten gains 非法得到的钱财;不义之财  

get ill 生病;犯病

ill effect 不良作用,副作用

ill feeling 恶感;反感;猜忌

ill temper 火爆性子,坏脾气

go ill with 对…不利;不幸

physically ill 不安的,担心的;不舒服的

ill humor n. 怒气;不悦

feel ill at ease 不畅快;局促不安;心神不宁

  更多收起词组短语
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