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do
[duː] [du]

  • v. 做,干,办(某事);行动,表现;顺利进行,进展;从事(工作);执行(任务);学习,研究;解答,解决,算出;制作,做出;演出,编排(戏剧等);仿效,模仿;完成,做好;供给,提供;走过,行过;以……速度行进;达到(一定销售额);参观,游览,旅行;处理;适合,足够;煮制;欺骗;惩罚;(从某地方)盗窃;护理;(非正式)吸(毒);(非正式)性交;度过(一段时间);导致,引起;(非正式)痛打,杀死;生长;整理
  • aux. 与动词连用构成否定句和疑问句;用于构成疑问尾句;用于避免重复某一动词;用于强调主要动词;用于祈使句中表示礼貌;用于肯定或否定回答;用在倒装句中
  • n. 聚会,社交活动;要求,规定;C大调音阶中的第一音;(口语)事件;(主英国口语)诈骗;(主英国、新西兰口语)宴会;(口语)必须做到的事情;(女子)发型
  • n. (Do) 多(人名 Dorothea 和 Dorothy 的昵称)

[ 过去式 did 过去分词 done 现在分词 doing ]

英英释义

do [ 强du:, 弱du, də, d, du: ]

  • n.
    • an uproarious party

      同义词: bash brawl

    • the syllable naming the first (tonic) note of any major scale in solmization

      同义词: doh ut

    • doctor's degree in osteopathy

      同义词: Doctor of Osteopathy

  • v.
    • engage in

      "do research"; " do nothing"

      同义词: make

    • carry out or perform an action

      同义词: perform execute

    • get (something) done

      同义词: perform

    • proceed or get along

      "How is she doing in her new job?"

      同义词: fare make out come get along

    • give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally

      同义词: cause make

    • carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions

      同义词: practice practise exercise

    • be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity

      "Will $100 do?"; " A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"

      同义词: suffice answer serve

    • create or design, often in a certain way

      同义词: make

    • behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself

      "What makes her do this way?"; " The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"

      同义词: act behave

    • spend time in prison or in a labor camp

      同义词: serve

    • carry on or manage

      "We could do with a little more help around here"

      同义词: manage

    • arrange attractively

      同义词: dress arrange set coif coiffe coiffure

    • travel or traverse (a distance)

      "This car does 150 miles per hour"

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

  AUXILIARY VERB USES

do /dʊ, duː/ CET4 ( doing, did, done, does )

  • 1. 

    AUX Do is used to form the negative of main verbs, by putting "not" after "do" and before the main verb in its infinitive form, that is the form without "to." 用于构成动词的否定式,后面加"not",放在主要动词前面,是一种不带"to"的动词不定式

    例:

    They don't want to work.

    他们不想工作。

    例:

    I did not know Jamie had a knife.

    我不知道杰米有把刀。

  • 2. 

    AUX Do is used to form questions, by putting the subject after "do" and before the main verb in its infinitive form, that is the form without "to." 用于构成疑问句,主语放在"do"和主要动词中间,是不带"to"的动词不定式

    例:

    Do you like music?

    你喜欢音乐吗?

    例:

    What did he say?

    他说了什么?

  • 3. 

    AUX Do is used in question tags. 用于附加疑问句中

    例:

    You know about Andy, don't you?

    你了解安迪,不是吗?

  • 4. 

    AUX You use do when you are confirming or contradicting a statement containing "do," or giving a negative or positive answer to a question. 用于肯定或否定回答

    例:

    "Did he think there was anything suspicious going on?"—"Yes, he did."

    “他认为有什么可疑的事情发生吗?”— “是的,他是这样认为的。”

  • 5. 

    V-T/V-I Do can be used to refer back to another verb group when you are comparing or contrasting two things, or saying that they are the same. 比较两件事物时用于代替前面出现的动词,表示同一概念

    例:

    I make more money than he does.

    我挣的钱比他多。

    例:

    I had fantasies, as do all mothers, about how life would be when my girls were grown.

    和所有母亲一样,我也有幻想,想像我的女儿们长大成人后生活会是怎样。

  • 6. 

    V-T You use do after "so" and "nor" to say that the same statement is true for two people or groups. 用在"so"和"nor"后面,表示同一陈述适用于两个或两组人

    例:

    You know that's true, and so do I.

    你知道那是真的,我也知道。

  OTHER VERB USES

do /duː/ ( doing, did, done, does )

  • V-T

  • 1. 

    V-T When you do something, you take some action or perform an activity or task. Do is often used instead of a more specific verb, to talk about a common action involving a particular thing. For example you can say "do your hair" instead of "brush your hair." 表示从事某种活动或工作,常用来替代有具体含义的动词

    例:

    I was trying to do some work.

    我正试图做些工作。

    例:

    After lunch Elizabeth and I did the dishes.

    午餐后,我和伊丽莎白洗了碗。

  • 2. 

    V-T Do can be used to stand for any verb group, or to refer back to another verb group, including one that was in a previous sentence. 用于代表任何动词或代替前面出现过的动词

    例:

    What are you doing?

    你在干什么?

  • 3. 

    V-T You can use do in a clause at the beginning of a sentence after words like "what" and "all," to give special emphasis to the information that comes at the end of the sentence. 用于以"what"或"all"等开头的句中,强调句子后面所说的事情 [强调]

    例:

    All she does is complain.

    她只顾抱怨。

  • 4. 

    V-T If you do a particular thing with something, you use it in that particular way. 做; 干

    例:

    I was allowed to do whatever I wanted with my life.

    我被允许自由安排我的生活。

  • 5. 

    V-T If you do something about a problem, you take action to try to solve it. 采取行动

    例:

    They refuse to do anything about the real cause of crime: poverty.

    他们拒绝采取任何行动解决引发犯罪的真正原因:贫困。

  • 6. 

    V-T If an action or event does a particular thing, such as harm or good, it has that result or effect. 造成

    例:

    A few bombs can do a lot of damage.

    几颗炸弹足以造成严重破坏。

  • 7. 

    V-T If you ask someone what they do, you want to know what their job or profession is. 从事 (某种职业)

    例:

    "What does your father do?"—"Well, he's a civil servant."

    “你父亲是做什么工作的?”— “哦,他是个公务员。”

  • 8. 

    V-T If you are doing something, you are busy or active in some way, or have planned an activity for some time in the future. 忙于; 准备做

    例:

    Are you doing anything tomorrow night?

    明晚你有事吗?

  • 9. 

    V-I If you say that someone or something does well or badly, you are talking about how successful or unsuccessful they are. 表现; 进展

    例:

    Connie did well at school and graduated with honours.

    康妮在学校表现很好,以优等成绩毕业。

  • 10. 

    V-T You can use do when referring to the speed or rate that something or someone achieves or is able to achieve. 达到 (某种速度)

    例:

    They were doing 70 miles an hour.

    他们每小时达到70英里。

  • 11. 

    V-T If someone does drugs, they take illegal drugs. 吸食 (毒品)

    例:

    I don't do drugs.

    我不吸毒。

  • 12. 

    V-T/V-I If you say that something will do or will do you, you mean that there is enough of it or that it is of good enough quality to meet your requirements or to satisfy you. 够用; 满足需要

    例:

    Anything to create a scene and attract attention will do.

    只要能当众大闹,吸引人们的注意,做什么都行。

  • 13. 

    V-T If you do a subject, author, or book, you study them at school or college. 攻读; 研究 [英国英语] [口语]

    例:

    She planned to do maths at night school.

    她打算上夜校学数学。

  • 14. 

    PHRASE If you say that you could do with something, you mean that you need it or would benefit from it. 需要; 从…中获益

    例:

    I could do with a cup of tea.

    我需要一杯茶。

  • 15. 

    PHRASE You can ask someone what they did with something as another way of asking them where they put it. 把…放在何处

    例:

    What did you do with that notebook?

    你把那本笔记本放哪儿去了?

  • 16. 

    PHRASE If you ask what someone or something is doing in a particular place, you are asking why they are there. 为何出现在此处

    例:

    "Dr. Campbell," he said, clearly surprised. "What are you doing here?"

    “坎贝尔医生,”他一脸惊讶地说道,“你怎么会在这儿?”

  • 17. 

    PHRASE If you say that one thing has something to do with or is something to do with another thing, you mean that the two things are connected or that the first thing is about the second thing. 与…有关

    例:

    Mr. Butterfield denies having anything to do with the episode.

    巴特菲尔德先生否认他和这一事件有关。

  NOUN USES

do /duː/ ( dos )

  • PHRASE

  • 1. 

    N a formal or festive gathering; party (正式的)集会; (节日中的)集会; 聚会 [英国英语] [非正式]

  • 2. 

    PHRASE If someone tells you the dos and don'ts of a particular situation, they advise you what you should and should not do in that situation. 该做的和不该做的; 行为准则; 注意事项

    例:

    Please advise me on the most suitable colour print film and some dos and don'ts.

    请就最适用的彩照胶卷及其使用须知给我建议。

do /dəʊ/

  • PHRASE

do

  • PHRASE

  • 1. 

    the INTERNET DOMAIN NAME for Dominican Republic 多米尼加共和国

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

do a [口语]仿效,模仿,学…的样子  

do well 做得好;进展好

do so 如此做

do in 使精疲力竭

do right 做得对

do it all 服无期徒刑;多才多艺;包办一切

do wrong v. 作恶

have to do with 与…有关

make do 凑合着用;以…权充;设法达成

have done with 做完;和…无关

do by 对待

do well for oneself [口语]兴旺,发达,昌盛,成功;变得富裕起来;改善自己的社会地位  

do well for 获得大量的…;有很多的…供应,得到…充足的供给  

do one's bit 尽自己的一份力量

do up 整理;刷新;修缮;使精疲力尽

do or die 决一死战

nothing doing 不行;办不到

do it up [美国俚语]干净利落  

do to death ◎杀死;处死;谋杀 , ◎把(笑话等)重复得令人生厌  

dos and don'ts 执政党与在野党;注意事项,行为准则

  更多收起词组短语

词根: do

adj.

doable 可做的

n.

doer 实干家;行为者

doing 活动;所作所为

v.

doing 做;干(do的ing形式)

  execute, conduct, do, perform, fulfil

这组词都有“做,执行,实施,完成”的意思,其区别是:

execute 指需专门技术熟练技巧去完成某种复杂的任务或表演等,也指用行动把计划或打算付诸实施或执行某项命令。

conduct 和perform一样比较正式,二者意义相近,但conduct含指导、领导或监督等意味。

do 最普通常用词,指完成某项具体工作、任务,也指完成某种行为或动作。

perform 指完成困难较大、较复杂的任务。较正式用词。

fulfil 指履行和实现所许诺的、所期望或要求的事情,含最终完成的意味。

以上来源于网络

词组短语

do a [口语]仿效,模仿,学…的样子  

do well 做得好;进展好

do so 如此做

do in 使精疲力竭

do right 做得对

do it all 服无期徒刑;多才多艺;包办一切

do wrong v. 作恶

have to do with 与…有关

make do 凑合着用;以…权充;设法达成

have done with 做完;和…无关

do by 对待

do well for oneself [口语]兴旺,发达,昌盛,成功;变得富裕起来;改善自己的社会地位  

do well for 获得大量的…;有很多的…供应,得到…充足的供给  

do one's bit 尽自己的一份力量

do up 整理;刷新;修缮;使精疲力尽

do or die 决一死战

nothing doing 不行;办不到

do it up [美国俚语]干净利落  

do to death ◎杀死;处死;谋杀 , ◎把(笑话等)重复得令人生厌  

dos and don'ts 执政党与在野党;注意事项,行为准则

  更多收起词组短语
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