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civil
['sɪv(ə)l; -ɪl] ['sɪvl]

  • adj. 公民的;民间的;文职的;有礼貌的;根据民法的
  • n. (Civil)人名;(土)吉维尔;(法)西维尔

网络释义英英释义

短语

civil code 民法典 ; 平易近法

civil time [天] 民用时 ; 标准时 ; 民用时间 ; 平时

civil case [法] 民事案件 ; 民事案 ; 民事诉讼 ; 平易近事案件

civil sanction [法] 民事制裁 ; [法] 民事处分 ; 民事上的制裁

civil mediation [法] 民事调解 ; 民间纠纷调解 ; 翻译

civil jurisdiction 民事管辖 ; [法] 民事管辖权 ; 民事审判 ; 民事管辖权民事管辖

civil injury [法] 民事损害 ; 民事损害英语

Civil Disturbance 内乱危机 ; 内乱

civil state 婚姻状况 ; 公民国家 ; 婚否

civil officer 文官

 更多收起网络短语

civil [ 'sivəl ]

  • adj.
    • applying to ordinary citizens

      "civil law"; " civil authorities"

    • not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others

      "even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"

      同义词: polite

    • of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state

      "civil affairs"; " civil strife"; " civil disobedience"; " civil branches of government"

    • of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals

      "civil rights"; " civil liberty"

      同义词: civic

    • (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life

      "the civil calendar"; " a civil day begins at mean midnight"

    • of or in a condition of social order

      "civil peoples"

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

civil /ˈsɪvəl/ CET4 TEM4

  • 1. 

    ADJ You use civil to describe events that happen within a country and that involve the different groups of people in it. 国民的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    ...civil unrest.

    …民众的骚乱。

  • 2. 

    ADJ You use civil to describe people or things in a country that are not connected with its armed forces. 民用的

    例:

    ...the U.S. civil aviation industry.

    …美国民用航空工业。

  • 3. 

    ADJ You use civil to describe things that are connected with the state rather than with a religion. 民政的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    They were married on August 9 in a civil ceremony in Venice.

    他们于8月9日在威尼斯通过民政仪式结了婚。

  • 4. 

    ADJ You use civil to describe the rights that people have within a society. 公民的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    ...a United Nations covenant on civil and political rights.

    …一份关于民权和政治权利的联合国公约。

  • 5. 

    ADJ Someone who is civil is polite in a formal way, but not particularly friendly. 文明的 [正式]

    例:

    As visitors, the least we can do is be civil to the people in their own land.

    作为游客,我们至少要能做到文明地对待当地人民。

  • 6. 

    civility N-UNCOUNT 礼貌

    例:

    ...civility to underlings.

    …对下属的礼待。

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

civil law 民法

civil aviation 民用航空

civil engineering 土木工程

civil war 内战

civil society 公民社会;民间团体

civil service 公务员;行政部门

civil procedure 民事诉讼;民事诉讼法;民事诉讼程序

civil liability 民事责任

civil servant 公务员;文职人员

civil administration n. 民政

civil code [法]民事法典

civil action n. 民事诉讼

civil construction 土木建筑

civil procedure law 民事诉讼法

civil case 民事案件

civil aircraft 民航机,民用飞机

civil right 民权,民事权利

civil building [建筑]民用建筑

american civil war n. 美国内战

ministry of civil affairs 民政部

  更多收起词组短语
  • adj. 公民的;民间的;文职的;有礼貌的;根据民法的
  • folk , polite

词根: civil

adj.

civic 市的;公民的,市民的

civilized 文明的;有礼貌的

civilised 文明的

adv.

civilly 谦恭地;依民法

n.

civilization 文明;文化

civility 礼貌;礼仪;端庄

civilisation (英)文明(等于civilization)

civics 公民;公民学

v.

civilized 教化;使…文明;启发(civilize的过去分词)

vi.

civilize 变得文明

civilise 变成文明社会(等于civilize)

vt.

civilize 使文明;教化;使开化

civilise 教化;文明化;使开化

  polite, civil, courteous

这组词都有“礼貌的、客气的”的意思,其区别是:

polite 普通常用词,指言论举止无论何时均严谨有礼,很有教养。

civil 语气弱于polite,着重只达到社交的一般要求,避免粗鲁。

courteous 指言谈举止典雅,谦恭有礼,更侧重考虑他人的感情与尊严。

以上来源于网络

双语例句原声例句权威例句

  • If people do not have this capacity, then civil society cannot maintain itself because the laws of nature will not be heeded.

    如果人们没有这种能力然后民间社会无法维持因为法律本身性质不会重视

    lwdx123.com

  • Whenever you are in a civil-rights struggle, whether you know it or not, you are confining yourself to the jurisdiction of Uncle Sam.

    无论什么时候公民权利斗争中不管是否知道都在束缚你自己成为山姆大叔权限

    blog.sina.com.cn

  • Harmony society should be civil society.

    和谐社会应当公民社会

    dict.cnki.net

更多双语例句
  • As both the North and South were learning quickly, the Civil War was becoming more costly than anyone had imagined.

    VOA: special.2009.09.17

  • I remember my first exposure way back in the 60s was a photo of the Biafra famine you remember in the civil war in Nigeria.

    我记得我第一次感受到贫困,是在60年代,那是一张关于尼日利亚饥荒的照片,你应该记得,是尼日利亚内战期间。

    普林斯顿公开课 - 人性课程节选

  • We can have a civil science, because politics is a matter of human making, of human doing, of human goings on.

    我们能够拥有民间科学,因为政治关系到人类的产生,人类的生存,人类的延续。

    耶鲁公开课 - 政治哲学导论课程节选

更多原声例句
更多权威例句

词组短语

civil law 民法

civil aviation 民用航空

civil engineering 土木工程

civil war 内战

civil society 公民社会;民间团体

civil service 公务员;行政部门

civil procedure 民事诉讼;民事诉讼法;民事诉讼程序

civil liability 民事责任

civil servant 公务员;文职人员

civil administration n. 民政

civil code [法]民事法典

civil action n. 民事诉讼

civil construction 土木建筑

civil procedure law 民事诉讼法

civil case 民事案件

civil aircraft 民航机,民用飞机

civil right 民权,民事权利

civil building [建筑]民用建筑

american civil war n. 美国内战

ministry of civil affairs 民政部

  更多收起词组短语
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