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former
['fɔːmə] ['fɔrmɚ]

  • adj. 从前的,前者的;前任的
  • n. 模型,样板;起形成作用的人
  • n. (Former)人名;(法)福尔梅;(德、捷)福尔默

网络释义专业释义英英释义

短语

Former Residence 故居 ; 以前住过的房屋 ; 从前曾经居住过的地方 ; 曾经居住过的宅院

acid former 成酸物质 ; 产酸菌 ; 产酸菌类 ; 产酸细菌

model former 成模器 ; 翻译 ; 成模器英语

cup former 制杯器

soil former 成土因素 ; 成土因数 ; 成土因子 ; 土壤形成因素

roll former 辊轧成形机

former trial [法] 前审 ; 翻译

former address 原址 ; 原先的地址

pressure former 压力成形装置

 更多收起网络短语

·2,447,543篇论文数据,部分数据来源于NoteExpress

former [ 'fɔ:mə ]

  • n. the first of two or the first mentioned of two

    "Tom and Dick were both heroes but only the former is remembered today"

  • adj.
    • referring to the first of two things or persons mentioned (or the earlier one or ones of several)

      "the novel was made into a film in 1943 and again in 1967"; " I prefer the former version to the latter one"

    • belonging to some prior time

      "our former glory"

      同义词: erstwhile(a) old onetime(a) quondam(a) sometime(a)

    • (used especially of persons) of the immediate past

      "the former president"

      同义词: late(a) previous(a)

    • belonging to the distant past

      "former generations"

      同义词: early(a) other(a)

以上来源于: WordNet

 柯林斯英汉双解大词典 

former /ˈfɔːmə/ CET4 TEM4

  • 1. 

    ADJ Former is used to describe someone who used to have a particular job, position, or role, but no longer has it. 前任的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    The unemployed executives include former sales managers, directors and accountants.

    失业的高管包括前销售经理、主管和会计。

    例:

    ...former president Richard Nixon.

    …前总统理查德·尼克松。

  • 2. 

    ADJ Former is used to refer to countries which no longer exist or whose boundaries have changed. (国家) 已不存在的; 疆界已变的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    ...the former Soviet Union.

    …前苏联。

  • 3. 

    ADJ Former is used to describe something which used to belong to someone or which used to be a particular thing. 昔日的 [ADJ n]

    例:

    ...the former home of Robert E. Lee.

    …罗伯特·E·李的故居。

  • 4. 

    PRON When two people, things, or groups have just been mentioned, you can refer to the first of them as the former. 前者 ['the' PRON]

    例:

    They grappled with the problem of connecting the electricity and water supplies. The former proved simple compared with the latter.

    他们设法解决供电和供水的连接问题。前者与后者相比证明很简单。

  • 5. 

    N a person or thing that forms or shapes 形成者; 样板

词组短语同近义词同根词词语辨析

former president 前任总统

former residence 故居

former name 曾用名

in former times 从前

film former 成膜剂,成膜物;薄膜生成元素;薄膜形成器

词根: form

adj.

formative 形成的;造型的;格式化的

formalized 形式化的;正式的

formless 没有形状的;无定形的;形体不明的

adv.

formally 正式地;形式上

formerly 以前;原来

n.

form 形式,形状;形态,外形;方式;表格

formative 构词要素

formalism 形式主义;形式体系

formalization 形式化;礼仪化

v.

formalized 使正式;使有效(formalize的过去分词);使定形;拘泥于形式

vi.

form 形成,构成;排列

formalize 拘泥于形式

vt.

form 构成,组成;排列,组织;产生,塑造

formalize 使形式化;使正式;拘泥礼仪

  previous, preceding, former, foregoing, prior

这组词都有“在前的”的意思,其区别是:

previous 指时间上、顺序上较早的,或指正在谈论的某事的前一个。

preceding 特指时间和地位上紧接在前。

former 系latter的反义词,比prior更着重对比。

foregoing 指前所述的,是following的反义词。

prior 与previous同义,常可换用,但prior有时强调更大的重要性,对比意味强。

以上来源于网络

双语例句原声例句权威例句

  • He went on to his former residence.

    继续从前住所走去。

    danci.911cha.com

  • If the former, what is the plan for the company?

    如果是前者的话公司有没什么计划

    article.yeeyan.org

  • FROM one end of former Yugoslavia to the other, people are worrying about justice.

    从前南斯拉夫边境一端一端人们都在正义担忧

    www.ecocn.org

更多双语例句
  • There have been some reports of cheating, including accusations made by the Iraqiya coalition of former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi.

    VOA: special.2010.03.13

  • My stepfather was a former priest, one of the early black men ordained to the priesthood in the United States.

    我的继父原先是一名牧师,是美国早期参与到,牧师事业中的黑人之一。

    普林斯顿公开课 - 人性课程节选

  • My home country is Croatia. I was born in and raised in what used to be the former Yugoslavia,

    我是克罗地亚人。我生长在从前的南斯拉夫。

    第二外语,英语 - SpeakingMax英语口语达人

更多原声例句
更多权威例句

词组短语

former president 前任总统

former residence 故居

former name 曾用名

in former times 从前

film former 成膜剂,成膜物;薄膜生成元素;薄膜形成器

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