假瘤蕨属 百科内容来自于: 百度百科

假瘤蕨属,附生或土生。根状茎细长而横走,木质,被鳞片;鳞片通常披针形,少有钻形或毛状,多数为棕色,少数栗黑色或灰白色,具狭长而不透明的筛孔。约有60种,中国有47种和1变种。

形态特征

附生或土生。根状茎细长而横走,木质,被鳞片;鳞片通常披针形,少有钻形或毛状,多数为棕色,少数栗黑色或灰白色,具狭长而不透明的筛孔。叶通常一型,少数二型或近二型;叶片单叶不分裂,呈条形、卵圆形或卵状披针形,或2-3裂,或掌状分裂,或羽状分裂,少数为一回羽状;边缘全缘,或有缺刻或锯齿。叶质地通常为纸质,少数为革质或膜质。多数种类的叶片两面光滑无毛,少数种类的叶片被短柔毛或鳞片。主脉和侧脉明显,小脉网状,具内藏小脉。孢子囊群圆形,在主脉两侧各1行,通常叶表面生,少数略凹陷于叶肉中。孢子椭圆形,周壁具短刺状纹饰或小瘤状纹饰。染色体基数x=12。

产地分布

约有60种,分布于亚洲热带亚热带山地。中国有47种和1变种,主产西南、华南和台湾,少数达华北和西北。

下级分类

灰鳞假瘤蕨Phymatopteris albopes (C. Chr. et Ching) Pic. Serm.
芒刺假瘤蕨Phymatopteris cartilagineo-serrata (Ching et S. K. Wu) S. G. Lu
鹅绒假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris chenopus (Christ) S. G. Lu
白茎假瘤蕨Phymatopteris chrysotricha (C. Chr.) Pic. Serm.
交连假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris conjuncta (Ching) Pic. Serm.
钝羽假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris conmixta (Ching) Pic. Serm.
耿马假瘤蕨Phymatopteris connexa (Ching) Pic. Serm.
紫柄假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris crenatopinnata (C. B. Clarke) Pic. Serm.
十字假瘤蕨Phymatopteris cruciformis (Ching) Pic. Serm.
指叶假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris dactylina (Christ) Pic. Serm.
大围山假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris daweishanensis S. G. Lu
掌叶假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris digitata (Ching) Pic. Serm.
黑鳞假瘤蕨Phymatopteris ebenipes (Hook.) Pic. Serm.
大叶玉山假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris echinospora (Tagawa) Pic. Serm.
恩氏假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris engleri (Luerss.) Pic. Serm.
锡金假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris erythrocarpa (Mett. ex Kuhn) Pic. Serm.
镰羽假瘤蕨Phymatopteris falcatopinnata (Hayata) S. G. Lu
刺齿假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris glaucopsis (Franch.) Pic. Serm.
大果假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris griffithiana (Hook.) Pic. Serm.
海南假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris hainanensis (Ching) Pic. Serm.
金鸡脚假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris hastata (Thunb.) Pic. Serm.
昆明假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris hirtella (Ching) Pic. Serm.
圆齿假瘤蕨Phymatopteris incisocrenata Ching ex W. M. Chu et S. G. Lu
金平假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris kingpingensis (Ching) Pic. Serm.
丽江假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris likiangensis (Ching) Pic. Serm.
宽底假瘤蕨Phymatopteris majoensis (C. Chr.) Pic. Serm.
弯弓假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris malacodon (Hook.) Pic. Serm.
乌鳞假瘤蕨Phymatopteris nigropaleacea (Ching) S. G. Lu
毛叶假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris nigrovenia (Christ) Pic. Serm.
长圆假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris oblongifolia (S. K. Wu) W. M. Chu et S. G. Lu
圆顶假瘤蕨Phymatopteris obtusa (Ching) Pic. Serm.
峨眉假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris omeiensis (Ching) Pic. Serm.
尖裂假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris oxyloba (Wall. ex Kunze) Pic. Serm.
透明叶假瘤蕨Phymatopteris pellucidifolia (Hayata) Pic. Serm.
片马假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris pianmaensis W. M. Chu
展羽假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris quasidivaricata (Hayata) Pic. Serm.
喙叶假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris rhynchophylla (Hook.) Pic. Serm.
紫边假瘤蕨Phymatopteris roseomarginata (Ching) Pic. Serm.
陕西假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris shensiensis (Christ) Pic. Serm.
尾尖假瘤蕨Phymatopteris stewartii (Bedd.) Pic. Serm.
斜下假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris stracheyi (Ching) Pic. Serm.
苍山假瘤蕨Phymatopteris subebenipes (Ching) Pic. Serm.
台湾假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris taiwanensis (Tagawa) Pic. Serm.
细柄假瘤蕨Phymatopteris tenuipes (Ching) Pic. Serm.
西藏假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris tibetana (Ching et S. K. Wu) W. M. Chu
三指假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris triloba (Houtt.) Pic. Serm.
三出假瘤蕨Phymatopteris trisecta (Baker) Pic. Serm.
无量山假瘤蕨 Phymatopteris wuliangshanensis W. M. Chu
屋久假瘤蕨Phymatopteris yakushimensis (Makino) Pic. Serm.
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