中部非洲 百科内容来自于: 百度百科

中非是指非洲大陆中部的内陆国家,全称中非共和国。面积62.2万平方公里。位于非洲大陆中央的内陆国家。东与苏丹交界。南同刚果(布)和刚果(金)接壤,西与喀麦隆毗连,北同乍得为邻。人口390万(2004年统计),全国有大小部族32个,主要有巴雅,班达、桑戈和曼吉阿族等。官方语言为法语。通用桑戈语。

简介

Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include Burundi, the Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Rwanda. (核心的5国)

一说:8国

非洲中部地区。通常包括中非共和国乍得喀麦隆赤道几内亚加蓬刚果扎伊尔圣多美和普林西比8国。面积536.5万平方千米 。人口6130万(1991年) ,多为班图语系苏丹语系黑人。地势起伏,自北向南为提贝斯提高原、乍得盆地、阿赞德高原、刚果盆地、下几内亚高原与隆达-加丹加高原,分属撒哈拉沙漠、苏丹草原、热带雨林带。金刚石、铜、锰、钴、金、铀、锡、镭、铌、钽、铁等矿产在世界占重要地位。富热带森林,产棕油、棕榈仁、橡胶、可可等。经济以农业为主,矿业次之,多属低收入国。

一说:7~10国

中部非洲即习惯上所认为的 非洲中部地区,指从撒哈拉沙漠与非洲大陆西部突起部分合围的广大纵深地区,不包括东非大裂谷西部。该地区水量完全依赖刚果河及其支流流域面积仅次于亚马逊河。
习惯上通常包括下列 7个国家:
刚果共和国(简称“刚果(布)”)
刚果民主共和国(简称“刚果(金)”)
——有时乍得赞比亚津巴布韦三国也被认为于中非国家。

中部非洲​

② Middle Africa
(as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous term that describes the portion of Africa south of the Sahara Desert, east of Western Africa, but west of the Great Rift Valley.[1] The region is dominated by the Congo River and its tributaries, which collectively drain a greater area than any river system except the Amazon. According to the UN, the nine countries of Middle Africa are Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and São Tomé and Príncipe. All of the states in the UN subregion of Middle Africa, plus those otherwise commonly reckoned in central Africa (11 states in total), comprise the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
The Central African Federation (1953–1963), also called the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, was made up of what are now the nations of Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Similarly, the Anglican Church of the Province of Central Africa covers dioceses in Botswana, Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe. These states are now typically regarded as parts of Southern Africa or Eastern Africa.
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