• Why don't I just keep track on each pass through the algorithm whether I have done any swaps?

    我为什么不仅仅跟踪算法的,每一遍来看看我做了哪些交换呢?

    麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

  • All right? Because if I don't do any swaps on a pass through the algorithm, then it says everything's in the right order.

    好么?因为如果我,这一遍没有做任何交换,那么就意味着已经排好序了。

    麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

  • They're supposed to be like a pass through vehicle -they're owning real estate on your behalf, so they shouldn't be retaining earnings.

    房地产投资信托基金应是投资中介,它代表你持有房地产,所以不应该留存利润

    耶鲁公开课 - 金融市场课程节选

  • It has to be small, and it has to be lipid soluble in order for it to pass through a cell membrane.

    这些分子必须非常小,而且必须是脂溶性的,才能穿过细胞膜

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • And that's all that's big enough to pass through or small enough to pass through. And if we go up even just one row on the periodic table to potassium, what we actually see is now that it's going to be too large, and, in fact, a potassium solvated with one water molecule won't go through our channel.

    就是这样刚好大到它通过,或者说刚好小到它通过,即使我们再沿着周期表往下走仅仅一行到钾离子,我们看到的就将是它的个头太大了,实际上,溶解于一个水分子的单个钾离子,不能穿过我们的通道。

    麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

  • Here is the pitch in--of--a string an octave higher so you can see it this way. As you probably know, if you take a long string and pluck it, it's going to take that long string a long time to pass that sort of cycle, if you will, just one pass through that cycle.

    这也是个音高,一个高八度的音弦,你可以这样这样看 你们可能知道,如果你拨动长弦,长弦要经过很长时间,才能完成一个震动周期,如果你想,可以尝试下

    耶鲁公开课 - 聆听音乐课程节选

  • The civilization of the West, however, was not the result of some inevitable process through which other cultures will automatically pass.

    然而,西方文明的发展之路,并非经历了其他文明必经之途中,一些不可避免的发展过程

    耶鲁公开课 - 古希腊历史简介课程节选

  • So, if you propagate that through the whole year, and you have the basic mastery of the concepts, 50 is a pass.

    如果你一整年都在认真学,那你就可以掌握基本的概念,50分就可以通过。

    麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

  • But if the attacker was to attack through the hard pass, again not surprisingly, you do better if you defend the hard pass than the easy pass.

    但如果入侵者选择崎岖之途,仍然是毫无疑问,选择防御崎岖之途要比平坦之途好

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • You've got to spend the time to make sure that everything is well defined before you start trying to work out these problem More about the path. There are a couple ways you could go through that pass If I look at this smooth path here.

    你要花时间确认,在你开始尝试解题前,切已经被很好地定义,关于路径还有些问题,你可以用两种不同的方式经过这条路径,看这条平滑的路径。

    麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

  • Now, these are special channels in that they only allow certain molecules to pass through.

    这种特殊的通道,只能允许特定的分子通过

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • When an action potential is initiated these ion channels go from their closed state to their open state, when they open sodium can now pass through.

    当动作电位形成时,离子通道,从关闭状态转到打开状态,当通道打开时,钠离子就可以通过

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • Because of that they're barriers, they separate the inside of the cell from the outside of a cell, and only certain kinds of molecules can pass through a cell membrane.

    因为它们的屏障作用,将细胞内外区隔开来,只有特定的,某些分子才能穿过细胞膜

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • Linear algorithms tend to be things where, at one pass-through, you reduce the problem by a constant amount by one. If you reduce it by two, 1 it's going to be the same thing.

    有问题么?,线性复杂度的算法,当进行了一个,常量级步数的操作的时候,将问题的规模缩小了一个。

    麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

  • Why does it seem like he's going to attack through the easy pass?

    为什么他应该会选择从平坦之途入侵

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • There's a local change in the membrane, that local change involves opening of channels that allow ions to pass through regions where they couldn't pass through before, that results in a change in voltage.

    膜上会发生局部变化,局部变化包括离子通道开启,使离子通过,先前不能通过的区域,从而引起电压的变化

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • So the exceptions are useful when you want to have the ability to say, I expect in general this kind of behavior, but I do know there are some other things that might happen and here's what I'd like to do in each one of those cases. But I do want to make sure that I don't let a value that I'm not expecting pass through.

    所以当你希望有能力说,我希望一般是这样的行为,异常是很有用的,但是我明白还有一些其它的情况可能发生,我希望对每一种情况都这么做,但是我跟希望能保证,没有让一个预期之外的情况漏过去。

    麻省理工公开课 - 计算机科学及编程导论课程节选

  • If the invader chooses the hard pass he will lose one battalion of his army simply in getting over the mountains, simply in going through the hard pass.

    如果侵略者选择崎岖的路,仅在穿越阿尔卑斯山的途中,他就要损失一个营的兵力,这就是选崎岖之路的代价

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • Well if you're not defending the easy pass, he doesn't lose anyone, and if he attacks through the hard pass he's going to lose at least one battalion.

    如果你没有在平坦之途设防他兵力不减,然而如果他从崎岖之途进军,那么他将至少损失一个营

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • It seems as though while you don't have a dominating strategy, it seems like Hannibal is better off attacking through-- It seems like he would attack through the easy pass.

    虽然看起来你好像没有优势策略,但似乎汉尼拔将军最好的选择是,他应该会选择从平坦之途入侵

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • In fact, we could check that if the attacker attacks through the easy pass, not surprisingly, you do better if you defend the easy pass than the hard pass: 1 versus 0.

    我们来分析一下,如果入侵者选择平坦之途,毫无疑问,如果你选平坦之途要比崎岖之途更好,1比0

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • It's not the case that for Hannibal, choosing the easy pass to attack through, strictly dominates choosing the hard pass, but it is the case that there's a weak notion of domination here.

    对汉尼拔而言,选择平坦之途入侵并不是,严格优于选择崎岖之途的,但是在这种情况下有一个弱优势

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • In order for it to get inside the cells and go through them there have to be transporters which specifically allow glucose to pass into the cell and then out into our body.

    为使其能进入并穿过细胞,肠上皮必须具有葡萄糖特异性的转运蛋白,使葡萄糖能够穿过细胞进入体内

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

  • If you were to defend the easy pass and he goes through the easy pass, he will get into your country with one battalion and that's the same as he would have got if he went through the hard pass.

    如果你们都选择的是平坦之途,那么他攻入你的国家时他只剩一个营,这与他选择崎岖之途别无二致

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • So just to give an example, if he goes through the hard pass and you defend the hard pass, he loses one of those battalions going over the mountains and the other one because he meets you.

    举个例子吧,如果入侵者与你在崎岖之途上狭路相逢,他在翻越山岭时损失一营,与你交战再损失一营

    耶鲁公开课 - 博弈论课程节选

  • Now, sodium and potassium don't ordinarily move across membranes, they're charged molecules, they can't dissolve, they can't permeate through a cell membrane, but they go through because there are channels that allow them to pass through in the membrane.

    钠和钾通常是不能跨过细胞膜的,它们都是带电粒子,它们不能溶解在细胞膜中,不能渗透通过细胞膜,但它们之所以能通过细胞膜,全赖膜上离子通道的作用

    耶鲁公开课 - 生物医学工程探索课程节选

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