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• He found that some droplets had a certain velocity, and then others had a velocity plus some step.

他发现了一些液滴存在某个速度，还有其他的液滴有速度和位移。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• But de Broglie has told us that the wavelength is related to the instant velocity through this formula.

但德布罗意曾说过,波长是和瞬时速度相联系的,通过这个公式。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• And in terms of equations that we use, it's sometimes easier to plug in the fact, since momentum is equal to mass times velocity.

在我们使用方程这方面，事实上有时是很容易代入的，因为动量等于质量乘以速度。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• If I am an inertial observer, another person moving relative to me at constant velocity will also be an inertial observer.

如果我是惯性观察者,那另一个相对于我做匀速运动的人,也是一个惯性观察者

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• There are no other molecules on that side of the wall. So there's an attractive force that makes the velocity within not quite as fast.

墙的另一边没有分子,因此吸引力,会降低球的速度。

麻省理工公开课 - 热力学与动力学课程节选

• And this is just a Newtonian expression of momentum, the product of the mass of the electron times its instant velocity.

这只是牛顿学上关于动量的表达，用电子质量,乘以瞬时速度。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• Let's plot droplet velocity as a function of looking at the number that have this velocity 0 with the zero being in the center here.

我们将液滴的速度设定为,观察那些数字作用，在中心的地方,速度为。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• So, if we're trying to figure out the wavelength of a Matsuzaka fastball, we need to consider the velocity first, which is 42 miles per hour.

如果我们尝试计算一个,松阪发出快球的波长，我们首先需要考虑速度，每小时为42英里。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• The interesting thing here is that I can change the incident velocity continuously.

有趣的是,我可以逐渐改变入射速度。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• He said, first, let it go a little distance, take the distance over time, that gives you the velocity now.

他说,首先,让它运动一小段距离,距离除以时间,你就能得到现在的速度

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• The radius of the orbit, the energy of the system and the velocity of the electron, I am just going to present you the solutions.

是轨道的半径，系统的能量,以及电子的速度，我接下来会给你们讲解其方程的解法。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• It comes from the fact that velocity is a vector and you can change your velocity vector by changing your direction.

其原理就是,速度是矢量,你可以通过改变方向来改变速度

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• The second piece of information we need to know is what actually the kinetic energy is of the ejected electron, and that's something we can just measure by measuring its velocity.

其次，我们需要知道的信息是,出射电子的动能，这可以通过,测量它们的速度得到。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• So, if we kind of think about the numbers we would need, we would actually need a velocity that approached something that's about 10 to the negative 30 meters per second.

所以如果我们稍微想想，我们需要的数值是多少，我们需要一个,大约为10的负30次方米每秒的速度。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• And I have purposely made the arrow shorter to indicate that it has been slowed because we are going to argue its mass didn't change, so the only way to change its energy is to change its velocity.

我已经故意将这个箭头弄短,用来象征它变慢了,因为我们将证明它的质量没有变，只有它的能量改变了,也就是它的速度变了。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• I would expect, whether you're a Red Sox fan or not, you to be able to look at a list of different pitchers and their average velocity for their fastball, and tell me who has the longest or the shortest wavelength.

无论你是否是一个红袜队球迷，我预想你会看到一系列,不同的投手和他们,投出快球的平均速度，告诉我谁有最长的,或者最短的波长。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• Conversely, if I knew the velocity of this object, I also know what time it is, provided I knew the initial velocity.

反过来,如果我知道了这个物体的速度,我也同样可以知道时间,只要初速度是已知的

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• But things which were at rest will move at a constant velocity, opposite of the velocity that you have relative to me.

这些静止的东西都在匀速运动,方向正好跟你相对我运动的速度方向相反

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• It's very interesting because velocity seems to require two different times to define it -- the initial time and the final time.

这非常有趣,因为速度似乎需要两个时间才能算出来,初时刻和末时刻

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• This is the starting speed, that's the rate at which it is gaining velocity, and that's how long it's been gaining it.

这是起始时的速度,这是速度的增长速率,这是加速的时间

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• NO So that the more complete answer to the question is that no, we're never going to be able to observe that because of the uncertainty principle it's not possible to observe a velocity that's this slow for a macroscopic object.

所以这个问题的完整答案是，由于不确定性原理,我们不可能测量到这么慢的,宏观物体的速度，希望这个解释。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• A 100% uncertainty in the position 15% gives rise to a 15% uncertainty in velocity.

从完全不确定的位置,到速度的不确定度为。

麻省理工公开课 - 固态化学导论课程节选

• Well, we say at the top of the loop, when it goes up and comes down the velocity is 0.

在曲线顶端,当物体上升,然后速度为0时候

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• The reason it looks like a tautology, because you look around, nothing seems to have its velocity forever.

其原因听起来像是绕圈子,因为你看看四周,似乎一切都不可能永远运动下去

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• If I gave you the location of a particle as a function of time, you can find the velocity by taking derivatives.

如果我给出物体的位移是时间的函数,你可以通过求导来得到速度

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• What de Broglie is saying we can know the wavelength of any matter at all, as long as we know its mass and it's velocity.

通过德布罗意所说的,只要我们知道了,它的质量和速度，我们可以知道,任何物质的波长。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• The great discovery that Galileo and Newton made is that you don't need a force for a body to move at constant velocity.

伽利略和牛顿的伟大发现就是,物体不需要力来维持匀速运动

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• So the velocity at any part of the curve is tangent to the curve at that point.

曲线上任意一点的速度,都在该点和曲线相切

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

• So, we would actually need a really, really, really tiny velocity here to actually overcome the size of the mass, if we're talking about macroscopic particles, to have a wavelength that's going to be on the order.

是10的负34次方焦耳每秒,所以如果我们谈论的是要一个，宏观粒子有相应数量级的波长的话，我们需要一个非常非常非常小的速度来。

麻省理工公开课 - 化学原理课程节选

• One is inertial mass, which is how much you hate your velocity to change, how hard you resist acceleration.

一个是惯性质量,它反映了物体速度改变的难易程度,即保持加速度的难易程度

耶鲁公开课 - 基础物理课程节选

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